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School of Business and Public Administration

Course Descriptions

*All course descriptions are listed alphabetically

Accounting

ACCT 220 / 2200 Introduction to Financial Reporting and Accounting

  • This course introduces students to basic features of financial accounting systems with emphasis on the accounting cycle and the preparation of financial statements for both corporations and sole proprietorships. 

ACCT 221 / 2210 I?introduction to Managerial Accounting

  • This course introduces students to basic features of internal reporting systems with an emphasis on decision making.  Following a review of the financial accounting cycle, budgeting for planning and control will be stressed with emphasis on cash management, working capital management, inventory management, product costing, cost volume profit analysis, and cost allocation.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 220 / 2200

ACCT 275 / 2350 Business Law

  • This course provides an overview of legal principles that affect commercial transactions and a basic framework for analyzing the legal dimensions of business practices and operations.  Topics include contract law, E-contracts, UCC sale of goods, property law, torts, constitutional and administrative law, partnership and corporate law, and ethics.

ACCT 300 / 3000 Intermediate Accounting I

  • This course provides an intensive study of basic financial accounting theory, financial statements, the accounting cycle, working capital accounts, and operational assets.  It also extensively covers revenue recognition concepts.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 301/3010 Intermediate Accounting II

  • This course is the continuation of the study of financial accounting theory from Intermediate Accounting I.  Specific topics covered include long-term liabilities, stockholders’ equity, accounting changes, error analysis, cash flow and accounting for income taxes, leases and pension costs.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 300 / 3000.  Strongly recommended:  FIN 300 / 3000.

ACCT 303 / 3030 Managerial Accounting

  • This course provides an intensive study of cost accumulation systems for manufacturing and service enterprises.  Emphasis is on managerial cost analysis and management decision making.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 325 / 3250 Fundamentals of Tax – Individuals

  • This course is an introduction to US Income Taxation with the focus on taxation of individuals.  It starts with the tax laws and related research sources.  It then covers the basics of gross income, income exclusions, deductions, tax rates, credits, and collection methods.  Specific subjects include basis of assets, depreciation, taxation of sales and exchanges, loss limitations and alternative minimum tax.  The students will also learn how to hand-write individual income tax returns.  Prerequisites: ACCT 220 / 2200.

ACCT 326 / 3260 Fundamentals of Tax – Business

  • This course is an introduction to the US Income Taxation of Business Entities.  It starts with a brief summary of the laws and related research sources.  The main objective is to understand the difference between treatment for taxation purposes and for financial statement reporting.  This includes the typical income and expense items as well as special items such as depreciation, research and development, non-deductible items, loss limitations, carry-overs, alternative minimum tax, and tax credits.  Coverage will also include the differing tax treatment of partnerships, LLC’s and S corporations.  Prerequisites: ACCT 220 / 2200.

ACCT 360 / 3600 Accounting Information Systems

  • This course covers general systems concepts and theory, with an emphasis on internal controls.  It includes the collection and processing of accounting information, internal control aspects of accounting systems, systems life cycle in an accounting framework, and the interface of accounting systems and computer technology. Prerequisite: ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 370 / 3170 Agribusiness Accounting

  • This course addresses accounting issues unique to agribusiness.  Topics to be covered include: review of basic accounting concepts from the perspective of agribusiness, income taxes, management reports and data sources in agriculture, budgeting, financing, and ratio analysis. Students will learn the differences between cash accounting, accrual accounting, and crop/field accounting.  They will also learn what method is most useful for different objectives such as field/crop management, overall farm management, overall farm reporting, tax reporting, reports for lenders, and reports for owners/shareholders. Cross listed with AGBS 370 / 3570. Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 400 / 4000 Advanced and International Accounting

  • This course addresses advanced topics in accounting and will include coverage of a number of the following topics: special problems of accounting for business combinations, reorganizations, bankruptcies, partnerships, governmental and nonprofit organizations, trusts and estates, and international accounting.  It will include discussion of the current issues related to the global harmonization of accounting standards (International Financial Reporting Standards) and the impact on the accounting profession. Prerequisite:  ACCT 301 / 3010.

ACCT 408 / 4080 Auditing

  • This course covers the fundamentals of auditing theory and practice, ethical standards, auditing standards, auditing techniques, and the audit report; special emphasis is placed on independent audits by CPAs and the role of CPAs in society.  Prerequisites:  ACCT 301 / 3010 and 360 / 3600.

ACCT 450 / 4500  Accounting Ethics

  • This course will focus on the unique issues and obligations of professional accountants.  We will begin this study with a discussion of why accounting ethics matters and why students should study ethics at this point in their academic career.  Further, students will examine what it means to be a professional accountant and will discuss what virtues accountants must possess to best serve the public interest.  Students will study the language of ethics and will be able to distinguish between principles and rules.  High profile cases will be used to demonstrate the failings of the profession and individual accountants. An in-depth study of ethical standards for the various professional accounting organizations at the national and state levels will enable students to understand the ethical framework from which they will operate as professional accountants.  Prerequisites: ACCT 301 / 3010 or graduate standing.

ACCT 475 / 4350 Business Law II

  • This second course in business law expands application of legal principles that affect commercial transactions and further develops the basic framework for analyzing the legal dimensions of business practices and operations.  Topics include: employment and labor law issues; consumer law; antitrust law; insurance law; wills and trusts; mortgages; secured transactions; surety; debtor – creditor relationships; bankruptcy law; federal securities regulations; criminal law; negotiable instruments; international law; environmental law; computers and the law; and professional liability and accountability. Prerequisite: ACCT 275 / 2350.

ACCT 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Accounting

  • Special topics course in Accounting provides students with the opportunity to take an in-depth study of an area not covered in regular courses.  When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course. 

ACCT 496 / 4860 Internship in Accounting

  • This course provides an integrated academic experience in a work setting.  Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major.  Students may earn a maximum of 5 units through internships.  It is offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

Agricultural Business

AGBS 271 / 2510 Principles of Agricultural Law      

  • A survey of legal issues and principles of practical concern that is applicable to transactions in agribusinesses. This foundation course introduces fundamentals of laws, regulations, and government practices affecting farming enterprises and related agriculture service and product industries, and addresses ethical principles associated with agricultural activities. Topics include government relationships; compliance requirements; contracts; tort liability; property law; employment law; and legal issues pertaining to agricultural cooperatives, soil, water, animals, and crops. Cross listed with BA 270 / 2100.        

AGBS 350 / 3500 Agricultural Management

  • This course will apply core management concepts and theories to agribusiness. The course content will center on aspects related to agribusiness planning, organizing, controlling, and directing. Topics will include (but are not limited to): raw material acquisition and planning, financial and operational forecasting, management control, and product marketing/sales/distribution.                   

AGBS 351 / 3510 Agricultural Marketing Planning and Practice      

  • Core marketing concepts applied to agriculture and the food system. Considers the conceptual foundations of effective marketing and industry practices by growers, processors and packagers, and intermediaries such as wholesalers, distributors, brokers, agents, and retailers. Imparts a forward- looking global perspective by incorporating research findings, technology trends, and international marketing strategies. Incorporates business cases, simulated decision scenarios, guest speakers, and field projects involving local enterprises. Ethical issues are considered and marketing strategies analyzed in the context of customer objectives and stakeholder concerns.               

AGBS 371 / 3520 Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources   

  • Economic policy analysis of agriculture and natural resources with emphasis on California agriculture. Topics include the structure and organization of U.S.'s agriculture and food system, specifically the operation, financing, linkages, and functions of its components; the economic aspects of a wide range of environmental issues including air and water pollution, optimal forest and fisheries management; recycling; cost-benefit policy analysis case studies; and international issues. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018. Cross listed with ECON 371 / 3520.                              

AGBS 372 / 3530 Agricultural Trade Policy

  • An introduction to practical considerations of agricultural trade and trade policy analysis. Emphasis is placed on concepts of agricultural trade, analysis of trade policies of major trading partners and the export/import marketing of agricultural products. Also the interdependencies between the world's food, populations and equitability/poverty problems and possible solutions are explored. Cross listed with ECON 372 / 3530. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.                         

AGBS 373 / 3540 Agricultural Finance         

  • The objective of this course is to provide students with the tools necessary to evaluate and manage risk in the agricultural industry. This course provides an introduction to the economic theory, organization, and operating principles of agricultural commodity futures markets in the U.S. Emphasis is placed on speculating, hedging, and investing in agricultural commodity futures contracts from the standpoint of the agribusiness entrepreneur. Capital theory is also visited. Cross listed with ECON 373 / 3540. Prerequisites: ECON 201 / 2018, MATH 220 / 2200, ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.                    

AGBS 370 / 3570 Agribusiness Accounting

  • This course addresses accounting issues unique to agribusiness. Topics to be covered include: review of basic accounting concepts from the perspective of agribusiness, income taxes, management reports and data sources in agriculture, budgeting, financing, and ratio analysis. Students will learn the differences between cash accounting, accrual accounting, and crop/field accounting. They will also learn what method is most useful for different objectives such as field/crop management, overall farm management, overall farm reporting, tax reporting, reports for lenders, and reports for owners/shareholders. Cross listed with ACCT 370 / 3170.        

AGBS 477 / 4770 Selected Topics

  • In-depth studies of selected topic or topics not covered in regular courses are offered on a student demand basis. Topics vary each quarter; prerequisites announced for each topic. Conducted on seminar basis. Cross-listed with ERM 477 / 4770.      

AGBS 496 / 4860 Agribusiness Internship

  • Internships may be arranged by the department with various agencies, businesses, or industries. Assignments, coordination of work projects with readings and conferences, and grading are the responsibility of the faculty liaison (or course instructor) working with the field supervisor. Graded on a credit, no-credit basis. Department will determine credits and application of credit.

AGBS 4890 Experiential Prior Learning (1-12)

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning, which has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department. Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation. Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis. Not open to postgraduate students. Interested students should contact the department office.

Business Administration

BA 100 / 1008 Perspectives in Business

  • Using a combination of lecture, discussion, and activity-based participation, this course provides students with an introduction to business. The course provides an introductory view of the core disciplines of business including management, finance, accounting, marketing, research and development, human resource management, production and operations management, information management, strategic management, and business environment. The course applies these disciplines to entrepreneurs and small business owners, corporations, and to other organizations. Open to all non-business majors and may be applied to satisfying the requirements for the minor in business administration.              

BA 270 / 2100 Legal Environment of Domestic and International Business

  • Introduction of legal principles and issues relevant to transacting business. Ethical, social, constitutional, and political influences and controls are integrated within the course materials as part of the legal environment approach. Topics include concepts of the legal process; judicial and administrative practices; forms and structure of business organizations; and legal components of contracts, torts, property, human resources concerns, and international business. 

BA 290 / 2900 Introduction to Business Professions

  • This course provides an introduction to the business professions, including an overview of business operations and ethics, exposure to the variety of careers in business, and development of key skills necessary for success in the business curriculum. Skill development focuses on communications (writing, oral, teamwork) and critical thinking. The student is introduced to rubrics used to evaluate learning goals and objectives for the business major. The course is intended for business majors. Note: For business administration majors, BA 2900 must be completed with a C or better (not C-) to enroll in upper division core courses. For first-quarter transfer majors who can otherwise enroll in upper division core courses, BA 2900 is a co-requisite. Note: Transfer Business majors who have completed the lower division core courses and at least 54 semester units must take BA 2900 as a co-requisite with their first upper division core course.  THIS COULD CHANGE

BA 300 / 3008 Diversity in Business Organizations

  • The course focus is an exploration of the cultural diversity in business and at work today. This course encompasses the entire spectrum of basic cultural theory, the cultural impacts on business, and six major cultural groups. Topics covered will include doing business with North Americans, Latin Americans, Asians, Europeans, Africans, and Middle Easterners.       

BA 301 / 3010 Data Analysis and Decision Making

  • An introduction to the application of statistical and quantitative methods using computer technology to examine and explore data and to build and interpret models to aid in business decision making in all functional areas. Methods covered include: summarizing and exploring data, probability concepts, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, regression analysis, simulation, decision theory, and optimization.

BA 374 / 3108 Business and Society

  • Focuses on the interrelationships between society, business, and government. Considers those situations where the market system fails to solve problems that society deems important. Topics include ecological impact of technology, and the relationship of technology to employment and quality of work life, consumerism, ethics, and corporate social responsibility.                              

BA 393 / 3300 Intercollegiate Business Policy Games (1-3)            

  • Individual study is offered as an opportunity for the student to design a course of study dealing with a particular area of interest within a discipline, to research the subject area and present an in-depth study for review. Student works under the direct supervision of a faculty member who must approve the study prior to its implementation.

BA 428 / 4280 Small Business Consulting

  • Students are assigned as consultants to a small firm in the business community to assist owner clients in marketing, finance, accounting, operations, MIS, personnel and strategic management, as appropriate. Students are supervised by faculty and provide oral and written reports to the client to conclude the consultation. Prerequisite: Senior standing and permission of Business Research Education Center Director.                

BA 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Business

  • Special topics courses provide each department with the opportunity to present an in-depth study of a selected subject not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course. Each department will determine applicability toward individual concentrations.        

BA 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Individual study is offered as an opportunity for the student to design a course of study dealing with a particular area of interest within a discipline, to research the subject area and present an in-depth study for review. Student works under the direct supervision of a faculty member who must approve the study prior to its implementation.

BA 496 / 4860 Internship in Business Administration

  • This internship experience provides the student with an opportunity for exposure to practical experience in the managerial setting of an organization. The student is encouraged to use the opportunity to apply knowledge acquired in the classroom and work independently on a program plan or project. Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major. Students may earn a maximum of 3 units through internships. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.        

BA 489 / 4890 Special Topics

  • This course provides academic credit for participation in various intercollegiate competitions offered under the direction of the faculty of the School of Business and Public Administration. Academic credit can be earned for up to three consecutive quarters for those competitions extending beyond a single quarter (i.e., up to six units per academic year). Most competitions extend over two or three quarters, including preparation and practice. The activity is graded on a credit-no credit basis.        

BA 490 / 4908 = MGMT 4000 Senior Seminar

  • This is a terminal integrating course. The course serves dual purposes. The first is to introduce students to strategic management.  The objective here is to see and practice how strategic decisions are made. Strategic management topics include external environments, industry and competitor analyses, resources and capabilities, corporate governance, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, strategy controls, mergers and acquisitions, strategic alliances and coalitions, and strategic corporate social responsibility. The second purpose is to integrate the tools of strategic management with the other core disciples of the business major in order to understand and to make wise decision and ethical strategic decisions. Prerequisites: BA 1008, 2100, 3108, FIN 3000, MGMT 3000, 3010, 3020, MIS 3000 and MKTG 3000. BA 4908 normally is taken in the last term before graduation.

Economics

ECON 100 / 1009 Economic Way of Thinking 

  • Introduction to economic analysis.  Topics covered include microeconomic theory and application and macroeconomic theory and policy.  Also, an in-depth study of into selected topics and current events.  GE D2

ECON 105  Personal Economics 

  • This course covers personal economic and financial planning problems that individuals and families encounter during the course of their lives. Topics include saving and investment decisions, insurance needs, income taxation, job opportunity analysis, current economic conditions, portfolio and credit management, and retirement planning. This activity-oriented course will incorporate simulations of the Stock Market.  GE D2

ECON 201 / 2018 Essentials of Microeconomics 

  • Value and distribution theory, including the theory of household behavior, the theory of the firm, and the pricing of factors of production.  Emphasis on tools of economic thinking and the historical development of these tools.  GE D2 

ECON 202 / 2028 Essentials of Macroeconomics 

  • Theories of income, employment, and price level.  Introduction to balance of payments accounts and adjustments and exchange rate determination. Monetary and fiscal stabilization policies.  Emphasis on tools of economic thinking and the historical development of these tools.  GE D2 

ECON 210 / 3030 Analyzing Economic Data 

  • This course familiarizes students with the major information and data sources used to monitor economic trends at the international, national, regional, industry, and occupational levels. Students will locate and download data from important sources and utilize spreadsheets to organize and analyze the data, charts trends, and concisely summarize findings.

ECON 220 / 2200 Quantitative Tools for Economists

  • This course introduces and applies quantitative tools within economic contexts. Functional representations of economic properties (e.g., linearity, rates of growth and decay, continuous compounding and annualized growth rates, saturation thresholds, elasticity, marginal relationships, returns to scale) and economic interpretations of functional parameters. Geometric series (e.g., financial formulas, spending and money supply multipliers). Matrix methods (e.g., modeling simultaneous systems of endogenous variables, structural and reduced form coefficients, input-output methods, demographic forecasting). Differential calculus (e.g., profit maximization and cost minimization, constrained optimization and shadow prices, inventory and money demand models, curve fitting and least squares estimation). Prerequisite: MATH 85 or satisfaction of ELM requirement.

ECON 277  Contemporary Economic Issues 

  • An overview of the essentials of business economics. Topics include the economic way of thinking, market mechanism, money and banking, stabilization policy, market structure, economic role of government, human resource and operations management, human capital investment, international trade, marketing and business development, and social responsibility of business enterprises.

ECON 489 / 4890 Experiential Prior Learning 

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning, which has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department. Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation.  Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis.  Not open to postgraduate students.  Interested students should contact the department office.

ECON 301 / 3010 Microeconomic Theory and Applications

  • Theory construction and application in the areas of consumer choice and demand, production and cost, competitive markets, general equilibrium, and welfare economics.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.

ECON 302 / 3020 Macroeconomic Theory and Policy

  • Short run fluctuations and long run fundamentals for macroeconomic variables such as GDP and its components, the unemployment rate, the price level and inflation rate, interest rates and the yield curve, exchange rates and the trade balance, the government debt-to-GDP ratio, potential output, and real growth.  Case studies, data collection and analysis, and monitoring of economic indicators and Federal Open Market Committee policies are integrated.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 310 / 3108 Economics of Health and Health Care

  • Demand and supply of health care services and methods of financing health care expenditures. Topics include health care production, asymmetric information, demographic trends, medical insurance industry, government insurance programs, medical risk and liability, health care reform, and comparative health care systems. Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D, one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 311 / 3118 The Pacific Rim Economies

  • Economic developments in China, Japan, and the newly industrialized economies of East Asia. Trade in the Pacific Rim. Places economic development in its cultural/geographic context and critically examines economic institutions and policies. Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D. Recommended: one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 320 / 3200 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

  • An introduction to the basic principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with applications to a variety of problems using established data sources. The course includes fundamental principles of cartographic design and communication. Students are expected to become proficient users of GIS Software package. Lab sessions cover step-by-step GIS practice in the real world, including working with private or public domain data, importing data into GIS, creating a GIS database, performing spatial analysis with tools, building GIS models, and presenting results. Prerequisite: ECON 210 or MIS 200A or equivalent. Cross listed with MIS 320 / 3200

ECON 341 / 3410 Globalization and Development

  • This course uses a case study approach to the study of globalization and growth.  It uses an applied empirical approach to learning about macroeconomic management, economic development, international trade, and the cross border flows of goods and services and capital.  Economic activities such as trade, investments in equities and debt, tourism, development of intellectual property, and financial transactions, have become internationalized.  This is the current context in which businesses must operate.  Students learn how to conduct an assessment of international environments and political-economic strategies deployed in major world regions.  They perform a “country analysis”, which allows them to draw conclusions about market growth, labor costs, inflation and exchange rate stability, direct investment opportunities, etc.  Prerequisite:  ECON 202 / 2028 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 343 / 3430 Economics of Immigration Policy

  • The economic effects if various immigration policies, their impact on labor markets, as well as their relationship to national security are explored. The focus is on understanding and analyzing immigration policy, as well as their consequences on society and the economy.  This course will also consider immigration policy development. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 370 / 3500 Environmental Economics

  • Topics to include: static and dynamic efficiency and market failure; economic analysis of air, water, solid waste, and toxic policies; energy and the environment; benefit-cost policy analysis and case studies; tort and insurance issues; incentive-based regulations; monitoring and enforcement issues; risk assessment, management, and communication; global issues and agreements.  Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D; one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 371 / 3520  Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources

  • Economic policy analysis of agriculture and natural resources with emphasis on California agriculture. Topics include the structure and organization of U.S.’s agriculture and food system, specifically the operation, financing, linkages, and functions of its components; the economic aspects of a wide range of environmental issues including air and water pollution, optimal forest and fisheries management; recycling; cost-benefit policy analysis case studies; and international issues. Cross listed with AGBS 371 / 3520. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.

ECON 372 / 3530 Agricultural Trade Policy

  • An introduction to practical considerations of agricultural trade and trade policy analysis.  Emphasis is placed on concepts of agricultural trade, analysis of trade policies of major trading partners and the export/import marketing of agricultural products.  Also the interdependencies between the world’s food, populations and equitability/poverty problems and possible solutions are explored.  Cross listed with AGBS 372 / 3530. Prerequisite:  ECON 201 /2018.

ECON 373 / 3540 Agricultural Finance

  • The objective of this course is to provide students with the tools necessary to evaluate and manage risk in the agricultural industry. This course provides an introduction to the economic theory, organization, and operating principles of agricultural commodity futures markets in the U.S.  Emphasis is placed on speculating, hedging, and investing in agricultural commodity futures contracts from the standpoint of the agribusiness entrepreneur. Capital theory is also visited.  Cross listed with AGBS 373 / 3540. Prerequisites:  ECON 201 / 2018, MATH 140; ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

ECON 377 / 3540 Current Economic Issues

  • Study of a current economic and social issue such as education, health care, taxation, social security, poverty and income distribution, public debt, international trade, or national security.  May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028 or permission of instructor.

ECON 380 / 3008 Gender and Diversity in Workplace

  • Development of topics in labor economics from the perspectives of gender studies and diversity.  Considerations of both national trends and international comparisons.  Topics include household production and time allocation, labor force participation, human capital accumulation, regional mobility, and occupational choices, wage differentials, discrimination, and poverty.  Prerequisite: any introductory course in social and behavioral sciences or permission of instructor.  GRE

ECON 381 /  Race, Gender and Prosperity in America

  • Investigation of reasons for economic success and failures of minority members within our economy.  This course will start with the main economic tools necessary for policy analysis, move on to economic status, causes and cures, and finish with discrimination.  Social policies will be examined including but not restricted to equal employment opportunity and equality of income for Women, Hispanics, and African Americans.  Prerequisite:  any introductory course in social and behavioral sciences or permission of instructor.  GRE

ECON 388 / 3080 Economics Book Club for Juniors

  • This course nurtures lifelong learning by introducing students to the blogs and recent best sellers authored by leading economists for the general public. One book will be chosen to be read, analyzed and discussed. The course is taught in hybrid mode with a “book club” discussion toward the end of the course preceded during the quarter by several online assignments. Economics majors should enroll during their junior year. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

ECON 395 / 3550 Economic Geography

  • This course involves an examination of the spatial organization of economic activities.  Topics include population dynamics and migration, natural resources and location, transportation and communication networks, agriculture and rural land use, urban land use, city location and urban hierarchies, industrial location, world economic regions, and international trade and investment patterns.  Course also includes an introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS).  Cross-listed with GEOG 395 under “Interdisciplinary Courses.”.

ECON 404 / 4040 Law and Economics

  • Law and economics involves a historical survey of the application of economic principles to the law and the contemporary use of economic principles to analyze the structure and effects of property, contract and tort law. Students engage in legal research using Lexis/Nexis in order to analyze the economic content of specific cases. The implications of the economic analysis of law for important policy issues are explained. Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or permission of instructor.

ECON 410 / 4108 International Economic Development

  • Analysis of major economic impediments to Third World development.  Topics include: the structural changes accompanying development, theories of development, impediments to development, role of the international sector, and government policy.  Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D; one economics course, or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 420 4200 Econometrics

  • A study of the essentials of econometric theory with computer-based applications.  This course will enable students to construct empirical models, collect data, apply appropriate estimation techniques, and interpret the estimation results for decision making.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite:  MATH 140.

ECON 430 / 4300 Money and Banking

  • A study of the banking system, the demand and supply of money, monetary policy, the quantity theory of money, the interest rate, the theory of portfolio choice, and international finance.  Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 440 / 4400 International Economics

  • Theory and policy analysis pertaining to world payments systems, open economy macro-economics, international trade, multinational enterprises and direct foreign investment, and the international migration of labor. Prerequisite: one economics course or permission of instructor.

ECON 441 / 4410 Financial Economics

  • This course develops the main arguments in financial theory from an explicitly economic perspective. Financial economics involves the examination of the roles of time, uncertainty and information in economic transactions. This course analyzes financial institutions from a perspective of information theory.  We consider the theories of decision-making under uncertainty and asymmetric information.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 451 / 4510 Managerial Economics

  • Application of empirical methods to managerial decisions.  Topics include estimation of demand, sales forecasts, business conditions analysis, estimation of production and cost functions, pricing and advertising, and capital budgeting.  Case studies and software applications.  Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018, ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; MATH 140; or permission of instructor.

ECON 453 / 4530 Engineering Economics

  • An overview of the economic methods used to evaluate projects and real assets.  Topics include financial math; investment criteria (present worth, annual equivalent worth, rate of return analysis); evaluating mutually exclusive alternatives; relative price movements and inflation; risk and uncertainty; cost minimization techniques such as equipment replacement analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis; after-tax analysis; project financing and capital constraints; and benefit-cost and cost-effectiveness methods. Prerequisite: Area B4 (MATH).

ECON 460 or FIN 460 / 4600 Financial Institutions Management

  • An introduction to the operation, structure, and regulatory environment of the U.S. financial system.  Special attention given to the theories of interest rate determination, financial risk management, and asset/liability management in depository and non-depository institutions.  The course also investigates e-Business and changes in commercial banking, non-bank financial institutions and financial markets.  Computer models and cases are used to show real-world applications.  Cross-listed in Economics and FinancePrerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000 or ECON 302 / 3020.

ECON 465  Industrial Organization

  • Theoretical and empirical aspects of oligopoly theory.  Price and non-price competition.  The structure, conduct, and performance of selected American industries.  Considerations of both antitrust policy and managerial perspectives.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 or permission of instructor.

ECON 470 / 4590 Economics of the Public Sector

  • Economic theories relating to market efficiency and failure, public expenditure, taxation, and political and bureaucratic behavior.  Examination of programs and policies in areas such as health care, technology, social insurance, welfare and income redistribution, child care and education, and transportation.  Examination of the tax system, fiscal federalism, and state and local government revenue and expenditure patterns.  Online information resources are used to locate and assess policy analyses and analyze expenditures and revenues for all levels of government.  Cross-listed in Economics and Public Policy & Administration.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028.

ECON 475  Energy Economics and Policy

  • Role of energy in economic development; economic analysis of energy industries (fossil fuels, renewable, electricity and nuclear energy, and refineries and transportation). The geography and geopolitics of energy markets; policies relating to taxation and rate regulation, environmental quality and global warming, research and development, conservation, and national security. Prerequisite: ECON 201 or permission of instructor.

ECON 477 / 4770 Selected Topics in Economics

  • An in-depth study of an area of economics not included in current course offerings.  May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisites as announced.

ECON 480 / 4588 Human Resource Economics

  • A study of labor force participation, labor demand, education and training, wage differentials, regional and occupational mobility, labor unions, and discrimination, poverty, and income distribution.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or permission of instructor.

ECON 488 / 4080 Economics Book Club for Seniors

  • This course nurtures lifelong learning by introducing students to the blogs and recent best sellers authored by leading economists for the general public. One book will be chosen to be read, analyzed and discussed. The course is taught in hybrid mode with a “book club” discussion toward the end of the course preceded during the quarter by several online assignments. Economics majors should enroll during their senior year. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only. 

ECON 490 / 4908 Senior Project

  • Student proposes and conducts an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member and presents the findings. Equivalent to ECON 490A and ECON 490B. “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010, 302/ 3020, 420/ 4200 and senior standing.

ECON 490A/ 4908A Senior Project I

  • Student proposes an independent research project, completes a literature search, and prepares a bibliography. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010. Co-requisite or Prerequisite: ECON 302 / 3020 and 420 / 4200 and senior standing.

ECON 490B / 4908B Senior Project II

  • Student carries out an approved research project and presents the findings. “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010, 302 / 3020, 420 / 4200, and 490A / 4908A and senior standing.

ECON 493  Regional Economics Workshop I

  • A study of Kern County as an economic region, introducing regional economic concepts and methods of regional analysis. Regional economic databases will be updated and analyzed for economic trends (e.g., demographics, gross metro product, personal income, basic industries, labor markets, taxable sales, tax revenues and government expenditures). Both ECON 493 and 494 must be completed to receive credit for an elective in the major. Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 494  Regional Economics Workshop II

  • A continuation of ECON 493. Application of economic base, input-output, and linear regression models to analyzing Kern County’s economy. Both ECON 493 and 494 must be completed to receive credit for an elective in the major. Prerequisites: Econ 202 / 2028 and 493.

ECON 495 / 4250 Urban and Regional Economics

  • A study of economic theories of urban and regional development.  Topics selected from:  economic base and industry composition analysis; location of economic activity; principles of urban economic development, housing, transportation, poverty and unemployment and municipal finance; Census and other socioeconomic data; analysis of economic forces which influence spatial patterns and the relationship between spatial patterns, public services, land use planning and land use control processes.  Prerequisite: ECON 201/ 2018 or 395 / 3550 or permission of instructor.

ECON 496 / 4860 Internship in Economics

  • Internships may be arranged by the department with various agencies, business, or industries.  The assignments and coordination of work projects with conferences and readings, as well as course credits, evaluation, and grading, and the responsibility of the faculty liaison (or course instructor) working with the field supervisor.  Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine credits and application of credit.

ECON 497 / 4870 Cooperative Education

  • The Cooperative Education program offers a sponsored learning experience in a work setting, integrated with a field analysis seminar. The field experience is contracted by the Cooperative Education office on an individual basis, subject to approval by the department. The field experience, including the seminar and reading assignments, is supervised by the cooperative education coordinator and the faculty liaison (or course instructor), working with the field supervisor. Students are expected to enroll in the course for at least two quarters. The determination of course credits, evaluation and grading are the responsibility of the departmental faculty. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine application of credit.

ECON 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Consent of department for the offering of independent studies.

Environmental Resource Management

ERM 300  Health and Safety Compliance

  • Compliance requirements and practices for regulations governing the protection of people in and around the workplace.  Topics selected from personnel monitoring and protection, hazard assessment, hazardous materials management, hazard communication, emergency planning and response, risk management, multimedia compliance audits, and the training function within organizations. Includes conceptual models of hazard analysis as well as exercises and simulations.

ERM 301 / 3010 Introduction to Occupational Safety and Health Management

  • This course introduces the student to the history and evolution of the safety profession.  Students gain an intuitive understanding of the basic components of accident prevention and hazard control.  This course also provides and introduction to worker’s compensation, safety and health legislation, ergonomics, hazard analytical tools, communication techniques in safety and health management, emergency preparedness, industrial hygiene and measuring safety program success.

ERM 302 / 3020 Advanced Occupational Safety and Health Management

  • This course is a continuation of the introductory course (ERM 301 / 3010). It further explores the topics discussed in ERM 301 / 3010.  Students work in groups on case studies applying previously gained knowledge. The course explores in detail the OSHA regulations and expects students to be familiar with regulations pertinent to various industries.

ERM 310 / 3100 Hazardous Materials Management

  • Provides an in-depth examination of federal, state and local regulations and requirements for hazardous materials and wastes. Includes definitions of toxic and hazardous material; storage and treatment; transportation; emergency response planning; air and water quality; community concern issues; and risk assessment.

ERM 320 / 3200 Industrial Hygiene Fundamentals

  • Provides an introduction to the science of protecting the workers’ health through the evaluation of the work environment. Presents the basic principles and techniques for anticipating and recognizing chemical, biological, and physical hazards associated with the workplace environment.

ERM 411 / 4110 Environmental Law

  • Compliance requirements and practices for statutes and regulations governing the protection of air, water, and land resources.  Topics will include environmental impact assessment, emergency planning and response, and hazardous waste management. Case studies involving environmental compliance issues will be reviewed and evaluated.

ERM 477 / 4770 Special Topics

  • An in-depth study of an area of land resource management not included in current course offerings. May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisites as announced.

ERM 489 / 4890 Experiential Prior Learning

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning that has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department.  Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation.  Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis.  Not open to postgraduate students.  Interested students should contact the department office. Maximum 5 units within the program. Cannot replace required courses within the major.

ERM 490A / 4908A Senior Project I

  • Student proposes and gains approval of an independent research project that will synthesize knowledge in science and technology, law, policy analysis, and other curriculum areas. Significant progress is made on an annotated bibliography and literature review. Prerequisites: Senior standing in the program.

ERM 490B / 4908B Senior Project II

  • Student completes activities for use by faculty in assessing learning outcomes for the major. In order to demonstrate integrative skills in this interdisciplinary major, the candidate completes a project that synthesizes knowledge in science and technology, law, policy analysis, and other curriculum areas. The strengths and limitations of each paradigm are recognized and integrated into demonstration of the thesis. Prerequisites: ERM 490A and Senior standing.

ERM 496 / 4860 Internship in Environmental Resource Management

  • Internships may be arranged with various businesses or agencies.  Supervision of the internship is shared by the field supervisor and course instructor.  The focus of the internship must be to develop and/or apply competencies pertinent to careers in environmental policy and compliance.  Offered on a credit, no-credit basis.  The instructor will determine units of credit and their application.

ERM 497 / 4870 Cooperative Education

  • The Cooperative Education program offers a sponsored learning experience in a work setting, integrated with a field analysis seminar.  The field experience is contracted by the Cooperative Education office on an individual basis, subject to approval by the department.  The field experience, including the seminar and reading assignments, is supervised by the cooperative education coordinator and the faculty liaison (or course instructor), working with the field supervisor.  Students are expected to enroll in the course for at least two quarters.  The determination of course credits, evaluation and grading are the responsibility of the department faculty. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine application of credit.

ERM 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Consent of department required.

Finance

FIN 100 Managing Your Personal Finances

  • This course provides an examination of the financial situations students confront during their college years and thereafter.  The emphasis is on applying relatively simple concepts to managing one’s own financial resources.  Topics include:  budgeting, banking services, credit card use, consumer loans, insurance concepts, and savings plans.

FIN 300 / 3000 Financial Management

  • Financial management deals with the theory and practice of financing the business firm under uncertainty.  This course covers financial markets, risk valuation, financial analysis and forecasting, capital budgeting, working capital management, and capital structure.  This course also includes statistical and financial analysis of problem sets, as well as computer applications with an emphasis on spreadsheets.

FIN 322 / 3220 Introduction to Personal Financial Planning

  • This course introduces students to personal financial planning.  Topics in financial  planning include the financial planning process, client interaction, time value of money applications, personal financial statements, cash flow and debt management, asset acquisition, education planning, overview of investment planning and retirement planning, plan integration, ethics, and business aspects of financial planning. 

FIN 326 / 3260 Investment Management

  • This course involves the analysis of various types of securities, security markets, investment strategies, and methods of evaluating portfolio performance.  It also includes assessing the overall quality of portfolio management in the context of the financial plan.  Case analysis and student investment presentations are required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 340 / 3400 Principles of Insurance

  • This course covers the principles of life, casualty, and liability insurance.  It also covers individual and group insurance programs, as well as methods of establishing risks and rates of return.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 360 / 3600 Entrepreneurial and Small Business Finance

  • This course covers financial issues, problems and situations frequently encountered in small businesses.  The course will address analytical techniques appropriate for small business situations including working capital management, financing alternatives, financial distress, and valuing the business.  In addition, it will address issues of financial strategy for small business.  Students will develop problem solving skills by analyzing weekly case study assignments.  Assignments will include empirical articles dealing with current topics in small business finance.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 380 / 3800 Introduction to Real Estate

This course introduces students to real estate principles, practices, and investment decisions. It covers equity investment, finance, legal aspects, practices, principles, property development, real estate administration in the public sector, real estate market analysis, and valuation.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 400 / 4000 Advanced Financial Management

This course provides students with the opportunity both to recognize and to test the relevance of modern financial concepts in the context of real managerial decisions in the private sector, including ethical problems facing financial managers.  A case method utilizing statistical and financial analysis techniques and computer applications will be used to show real world applications.  Student presentations are required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 460 / 4600 Financial Institutions Management

This course gives students a broad introduction to the operation, structure and regulatory environment of the U.S. financial system.  Special attention will be given to the theories of interest rate determination, financial risk management, and asset/liability management in depository and non-depository institutions.  The course also investigates e-Business and changes in commercial banking, non-bank financial institutions and financial markets.  Computer models and cases are used to show real world applications.  Student presentations are required.  Cross listed with ECON 460 . Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000

FIN 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Finance

Special topics course in Finance provides students with the opportunity to take an in-depth study of an area not covered in regular courses.  When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000

FIN 490 / 4990 International Business Finance

This course investigates the problems facing financial managers in international operations.  Topics include:  foreign exchange, the international monetary system, managing exchange rate risk exposure, capital budgeting, international banking, and import/export financing.  Financial analysis using spreadsheets as well as student presentations may be required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 496 / 4860 Internship in Finance

This course provides an integrated academic experience in a work setting.  Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major.  Students may earn a maximum of 5 units through internships.  It is offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000 and one additional upper division Finance course or permission of the Department Chair.

FIN 499 / 4850 Individual Study

Management

MGMT 300 / 3000 Organizational Behavior

  • Students are provided with theoretical and conceptual frameworks drawn from the social sciences for understanding human behavior in business organizations. Emphasis is placed on the application of these theories and concepts to management and behavioral issues in organizations. Topics include individual differences, perception, motivation, learning, groups, communication, leadership, decision-making, diversity, total quality management, international OB, politics, and ethics.

MGMT 302 / 3020 Introduction to Operations Management

  • An introduction to the system for planning, operating, and controlling the processes that transform inputs into outputs of finished goods and services in both profit and nonprofit organizations. Topics include: operations strategy, operations technology, product and service design, project planning and scheduling, facility location planning, facility layout, materials management, Six Sigma, and quality management and control. Computer software is used to analyze operations management functions.  Recommend: BA 301 / 3010

MGMT 308 / 3080 Organization Theory and Design

  • A study of the theories and research that explain why business organizations operate the way they do. A social system perspective is presented that views the business organization’s external environment and structure as critical determinants of organizational effectiveness. Key department level and organizational level variables and models are studied with the goal of developing an understanding of the patterns and relationships among organizational dimensions such as strategy, structure, goals, size, technology, and external environment. Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 309 / 3090 Career and Managerial Skills

  • This course has three primary objectives:  increase understanding of relevant career options through completion of the comprehensive career assessment plan, increase understanding of managerial and employee survival skills and increase understanding of work/life balance issues through completion of a comprehensive work/life balance assessment balance.  Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 310 / 3100 Human Resource Management

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