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School of Business and Public Administration

Course Descriptions

*All course descriptions are listed alphabetically

Accounting

ACCT 220 / 2200 Introduction to Financial Reporting and Accounting

  • This course introduces students to basic features of financial accounting systems with emphasis on the accounting cycle and the preparation of financial statements for both corporations and sole proprietorships. 

ACCT 221 / 2210 I?introduction to Managerial Accounting

  • This course introduces students to basic features of internal reporting systems with an emphasis on decision making.  Following a review of the financial accounting cycle, budgeting for planning and control will be stressed with emphasis on cash management, working capital management, inventory management, product costing, cost volume profit analysis, and cost allocation.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 220 / 2200

ACCT 275 / 2350 Business Law

  • This course provides an overview of legal principles that affect commercial transactions and a basic framework for analyzing the legal dimensions of business practices and operations.  Topics include contract law, E-contracts, UCC sale of goods, property law, torts, constitutional and administrative law, partnership and corporate law, and ethics.

ACCT 300 / 3000 Intermediate Accounting I

  • This course provides an intensive study of basic financial accounting theory, financial statements, the accounting cycle, working capital accounts, and operational assets.  It also extensively covers revenue recognition concepts.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 301/3010 Intermediate Accounting II

  • This course is the continuation of the study of financial accounting theory from Intermediate Accounting I.  Specific topics covered include long-term liabilities, stockholders’ equity, accounting changes, error analysis, cash flow and accounting for income taxes, leases and pension costs.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 300 / 3000.  Strongly recommended:  FIN 300 / 3000.

ACCT 303 / 3030 Managerial Accounting

  • This course provides an intensive study of cost accumulation systems for manufacturing and service enterprises.  Emphasis is on managerial cost analysis and management decision making.  Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 325 / 3250 Fundamentals of Tax – Individuals

  • This course is an introduction to US Income Taxation with the focus on taxation of individuals.  It starts with the tax laws and related research sources.  It then covers the basics of gross income, income exclusions, deductions, tax rates, credits, and collection methods.  Specific subjects include basis of assets, depreciation, taxation of sales and exchanges, loss limitations and alternative minimum tax.  The students will also learn how to hand-write individual income tax returns.  Prerequisites: ACCT 220 / 2200.

ACCT 326 / 3260 Fundamentals of Tax – Business

  • This course is an introduction to the US Income Taxation of Business Entities.  It starts with a brief summary of the laws and related research sources.  The main objective is to understand the difference between treatment for taxation purposes and for financial statement reporting.  This includes the typical income and expense items as well as special items such as depreciation, research and development, non-deductible items, loss limitations, carry-overs, alternative minimum tax, and tax credits.  Coverage will also include the differing tax treatment of partnerships, LLC’s and S corporations.  Prerequisites: ACCT 220 / 2200.

ACCT 360 / 3600 Accounting Information Systems

  • This course covers general systems concepts and theory, with an emphasis on internal controls.  It includes the collection and processing of accounting information, internal control aspects of accounting systems, systems life cycle in an accounting framework, and the interface of accounting systems and computer technology. Prerequisite: ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 370 / 3170 Agribusiness Accounting

  • This course addresses accounting issues unique to agribusiness.  Topics to be covered include: review of basic accounting concepts from the perspective of agribusiness, income taxes, management reports and data sources in agriculture, budgeting, financing, and ratio analysis. Students will learn the differences between cash accounting, accrual accounting, and crop/field accounting.  They will also learn what method is most useful for different objectives such as field/crop management, overall farm management, overall farm reporting, tax reporting, reports for lenders, and reports for owners/shareholders. Cross listed with AGBS 370 / 3570. Prerequisite:  ACCT 221 / 2210.

ACCT 400 / 4000 Advanced and International Accounting

  • This course addresses advanced topics in accounting and will include coverage of a number of the following topics: special problems of accounting for business combinations, reorganizations, bankruptcies, partnerships, governmental and nonprofit organizations, trusts and estates, and international accounting.  It will include discussion of the current issues related to the global harmonization of accounting standards (International Financial Reporting Standards) and the impact on the accounting profession. Prerequisite:  ACCT 301 / 3010.

ACCT 408 / 4080 Auditing

  • This course covers the fundamentals of auditing theory and practice, ethical standards, auditing standards, auditing techniques, and the audit report; special emphasis is placed on independent audits by CPAs and the role of CPAs in society.  Prerequisites:  ACCT 301 / 3010 and 360 / 3600.

ACCT 450 / 4500  Accounting Ethics

  • This course will focus on the unique issues and obligations of professional accountants.  We will begin this study with a discussion of why accounting ethics matters and why students should study ethics at this point in their academic career.  Further, students will examine what it means to be a professional accountant and will discuss what virtues accountants must possess to best serve the public interest.  Students will study the language of ethics and will be able to distinguish between principles and rules.  High profile cases will be used to demonstrate the failings of the profession and individual accountants. An in-depth study of ethical standards for the various professional accounting organizations at the national and state levels will enable students to understand the ethical framework from which they will operate as professional accountants.  Prerequisites: ACCT 301 / 3010 or graduate standing.

ACCT 475 / 4350 Business Law II

  • This second course in business law expands application of legal principles that affect commercial transactions and further develops the basic framework for analyzing the legal dimensions of business practices and operations.  Topics include: employment and labor law issues; consumer law; antitrust law; insurance law; wills and trusts; mortgages; secured transactions; surety; debtor – creditor relationships; bankruptcy law; federal securities regulations; criminal law; negotiable instruments; international law; environmental law; computers and the law; and professional liability and accountability. Prerequisite: ACCT 275 / 2350.

ACCT 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Accounting

  • Special topics course in Accounting provides students with the opportunity to take an in-depth study of an area not covered in regular courses.  When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course. 

ACCT 496 / 4860 Internship in Accounting

  • This course provides an integrated academic experience in a work setting.  Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major.  Students may earn a maximum of 5 units through internships.  It is offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

Agricultural Business

AGBS 271 / 2510 Principles of Agricultural Law      

  • A survey of legal issues and principles of practical concern that is applicable to transactions in agribusinesses. This foundation course introduces fundamentals of laws, regulations, and government practices affecting farming enterprises and related agriculture service and product industries, and addresses ethical principles associated with agricultural activities. Topics include government relationships; compliance requirements; contracts; tort liability; property law; employment law; and legal issues pertaining to agricultural cooperatives, soil, water, animals, and crops. Cross listed with BA 270 / 2100.        

AGBS 350 / 3500 Agricultural Management

  • This course will apply core management concepts and theories to agribusiness. The course content will center on aspects related to agribusiness planning, organizing, controlling, and directing. Topics will include (but are not limited to): raw material acquisition and planning, financial and operational forecasting, management control, and product marketing/sales/distribution.                   

AGBS 351 / 3510 Agricultural Marketing Planning and Practice      

  • Core marketing concepts applied to agriculture and the food system. Considers the conceptual foundations of effective marketing and industry practices by growers, processors and packagers, and intermediaries such as wholesalers, distributors, brokers, agents, and retailers. Imparts a forward- looking global perspective by incorporating research findings, technology trends, and international marketing strategies. Incorporates business cases, simulated decision scenarios, guest speakers, and field projects involving local enterprises. Ethical issues are considered and marketing strategies analyzed in the context of customer objectives and stakeholder concerns.               

AGBS 371 / 3520 Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources   

  • Economic policy analysis of agriculture and natural resources with emphasis on California agriculture. Topics include the structure and organization of U.S.'s agriculture and food system, specifically the operation, financing, linkages, and functions of its components; the economic aspects of a wide range of environmental issues including air and water pollution, optimal forest and fisheries management; recycling; cost-benefit policy analysis case studies; and international issues. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018. Cross listed with ECON 371 / 3520.                              

AGBS 372 / 3530 Agricultural Trade Policy

  • An introduction to practical considerations of agricultural trade and trade policy analysis. Emphasis is placed on concepts of agricultural trade, analysis of trade policies of major trading partners and the export/import marketing of agricultural products. Also the interdependencies between the world's food, populations and equitability/poverty problems and possible solutions are explored. Cross listed with ECON 372 / 3530. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.                         

AGBS 373 / 3540 Agricultural Finance         

  • The objective of this course is to provide students with the tools necessary to evaluate and manage risk in the agricultural industry. This course provides an introduction to the economic theory, organization, and operating principles of agricultural commodity futures markets in the U.S. Emphasis is placed on speculating, hedging, and investing in agricultural commodity futures contracts from the standpoint of the agribusiness entrepreneur. Capital theory is also visited. Cross listed with ECON 373 / 3540. Prerequisites: ECON 201 / 2018, MATH 220 / 2200, ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.                    

AGBS 370 / 3570 Agribusiness Accounting

  • This course addresses accounting issues unique to agribusiness. Topics to be covered include: review of basic accounting concepts from the perspective of agribusiness, income taxes, management reports and data sources in agriculture, budgeting, financing, and ratio analysis. Students will learn the differences between cash accounting, accrual accounting, and crop/field accounting. They will also learn what method is most useful for different objectives such as field/crop management, overall farm management, overall farm reporting, tax reporting, reports for lenders, and reports for owners/shareholders. Cross listed with ACCT 370 / 3170.        

AGBS 477 / 4770 Selected Topics

  • In-depth studies of selected topic or topics not covered in regular courses are offered on a student demand basis. Topics vary each quarter; prerequisites announced for each topic. Conducted on seminar basis. Cross-listed with ERM 477 / 4770.      

AGBS 496 / 4860 Agribusiness Internship

  • Internships may be arranged by the department with various agencies, businesses, or industries. Assignments, coordination of work projects with readings and conferences, and grading are the responsibility of the faculty liaison (or course instructor) working with the field supervisor. Graded on a credit, no-credit basis. Department will determine credits and application of credit.

AGBS 4890 Experiential Prior Learning (1-12)

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning, which has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department. Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation. Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis. Not open to postgraduate students. Interested students should contact the department office.

Business Administration

BA 100 / 1008 Perspectives in Business

  • Using a combination of lecture, discussion, and activity-based participation, this course provides students with an introduction to business. The course provides an introductory view of the core disciplines of business including management, finance, accounting, marketing, research and development, human resource management, production and operations management, information management, strategic management, and business environment. The course applies these disciplines to entrepreneurs and small business owners, corporations, and to other organizations. Open to all non-business majors and may be applied to satisfying the requirements for the minor in business administration.              

BA 270 / 2100 Legal Environment of Domestic and International Business

  • Introduction of legal principles and issues relevant to transacting business. Ethical, social, constitutional, and political influences and controls are integrated within the course materials as part of the legal environment approach. Topics include concepts of the legal process; judicial and administrative practices; forms and structure of business organizations; and legal components of contracts, torts, property, human resources concerns, and international business. 

BA 290 / 2900 Introduction to Business Professions

  • This course provides an introduction to the business professions, including an overview of business operations and ethics, exposure to the variety of careers in business, and development of key skills necessary for success in the business curriculum. Skill development focuses on communications (writing, oral, teamwork) and critical thinking. The student is introduced to rubrics used to evaluate learning goals and objectives for the business major. The course is intended for business majors. Note: For business administration majors, BA 2900 must be completed with a C or better (not C-) to enroll in upper division core courses. For first-quarter transfer majors who can otherwise enroll in upper division core courses, BA 2900 is a co-requisite. Note: Transfer Business majors who have completed the lower division core courses and at least 54 semester units must take BA 2900 as a co-requisite with their first upper division core course.  THIS COULD CHANGE

BA 300 / 3008 Diversity in Business Organizations

  • The course focus is an exploration of the cultural diversity in business and at work today. This course encompasses the entire spectrum of basic cultural theory, the cultural impacts on business, and six major cultural groups. Topics covered will include doing business with North Americans, Latin Americans, Asians, Europeans, Africans, and Middle Easterners.       

BA 301 / 3010 Data Analysis and Decision Making

  • An introduction to the application of statistical and quantitative methods using computer technology to examine and explore data and to build and interpret models to aid in business decision making in all functional areas. Methods covered include: summarizing and exploring data, probability concepts, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, regression analysis, simulation, decision theory, and optimization.

BA 374 / 3108 Business and Society

  • Focuses on the interrelationships between society, business, and government. Considers those situations where the market system fails to solve problems that society deems important. Topics include ecological impact of technology, and the relationship of technology to employment and quality of work life, consumerism, ethics, and corporate social responsibility.                              

BA 393 / 3300 Intercollegiate Business Policy Games (1-3)            

  • Individual study is offered as an opportunity for the student to design a course of study dealing with a particular area of interest within a discipline, to research the subject area and present an in-depth study for review. Student works under the direct supervision of a faculty member who must approve the study prior to its implementation.

BA 428 / 4280 Small Business Consulting

  • Students are assigned as consultants to a small firm in the business community to assist owner clients in marketing, finance, accounting, operations, MIS, personnel and strategic management, as appropriate. Students are supervised by faculty and provide oral and written reports to the client to conclude the consultation. Prerequisite: Senior standing and permission of Business Research Education Center Director.                

BA 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Business

  • Special topics courses provide each department with the opportunity to present an in-depth study of a selected subject not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course. Each department will determine applicability toward individual concentrations.        

BA 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Individual study is offered as an opportunity for the student to design a course of study dealing with a particular area of interest within a discipline, to research the subject area and present an in-depth study for review. Student works under the direct supervision of a faculty member who must approve the study prior to its implementation.

BA 496 / 4860 Internship in Business Administration

  • This internship experience provides the student with an opportunity for exposure to practical experience in the managerial setting of an organization. The student is encouraged to use the opportunity to apply knowledge acquired in the classroom and work independently on a program plan or project. Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major. Students may earn a maximum of 3 units through internships. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.        

BA 489 / 4890 Special Topics

  • This course provides academic credit for participation in various intercollegiate competitions offered under the direction of the faculty of the School of Business and Public Administration. Academic credit can be earned for up to three consecutive quarters for those competitions extending beyond a single quarter (i.e., up to six units per academic year). Most competitions extend over two or three quarters, including preparation and practice. The activity is graded on a credit-no credit basis.        

BA 490 / 4908 = MGMT 4000 Senior Seminar

  • This is a terminal integrating course. The course serves dual purposes. The first is to introduce students to strategic management.  The objective here is to see and practice how strategic decisions are made. Strategic management topics include external environments, industry and competitor analyses, resources and capabilities, corporate governance, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, strategy controls, mergers and acquisitions, strategic alliances and coalitions, and strategic corporate social responsibility. The second purpose is to integrate the tools of strategic management with the other core disciples of the business major in order to understand and to make wise decision and ethical strategic decisions. Prerequisites: BA 1008, 2100, 3108, FIN 3000, MGMT 3000, 3010, 3020, MIS 3000 and MKTG 3000. BA 4908 normally is taken in the last term before graduation.

Economics

ECON 100 / 1009 Economic Way of Thinking 

  • Introduction to economic analysis.  Topics covered include microeconomic theory and application and macroeconomic theory and policy.  Also, an in-depth study of into selected topics and current events.  GE D2

ECON 105  Personal Economics 

  • This course covers personal economic and financial planning problems that individuals and families encounter during the course of their lives. Topics include saving and investment decisions, insurance needs, income taxation, job opportunity analysis, current economic conditions, portfolio and credit management, and retirement planning. This activity-oriented course will incorporate simulations of the Stock Market.  GE D2

ECON 201 / 2018 Essentials of Microeconomics 

  • Value and distribution theory, including the theory of household behavior, the theory of the firm, and the pricing of factors of production.  Emphasis on tools of economic thinking and the historical development of these tools.  GE D2 

ECON 202 / 2028 Essentials of Macroeconomics 

  • Theories of income, employment, and price level.  Introduction to balance of payments accounts and adjustments and exchange rate determination. Monetary and fiscal stabilization policies.  Emphasis on tools of economic thinking and the historical development of these tools.  GE D2 

ECON 210 / 3030 Analyzing Economic Data 

  • This course familiarizes students with the major information and data sources used to monitor economic trends at the international, national, regional, industry, and occupational levels. Students will locate and download data from important sources and utilize spreadsheets to organize and analyze the data, charts trends, and concisely summarize findings.

ECON 220 / 2200 Quantitative Tools for Economists

  • This course introduces and applies quantitative tools within economic contexts. Functional representations of economic properties (e.g., linearity, rates of growth and decay, continuous compounding and annualized growth rates, saturation thresholds, elasticity, marginal relationships, returns to scale) and economic interpretations of functional parameters. Geometric series (e.g., financial formulas, spending and money supply multipliers). Matrix methods (e.g., modeling simultaneous systems of endogenous variables, structural and reduced form coefficients, input-output methods, demographic forecasting). Differential calculus (e.g., profit maximization and cost minimization, constrained optimization and shadow prices, inventory and money demand models, curve fitting and least squares estimation). Prerequisite: MATH 85 or satisfaction of ELM requirement.

ECON 277  Contemporary Economic Issues 

  • An overview of the essentials of business economics. Topics include the economic way of thinking, market mechanism, money and banking, stabilization policy, market structure, economic role of government, human resource and operations management, human capital investment, international trade, marketing and business development, and social responsibility of business enterprises.

ECON 489 / 4890 Experiential Prior Learning 

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning, which has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department. Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation.  Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis.  Not open to postgraduate students.  Interested students should contact the department office.

ECON 301 / 3010 Microeconomic Theory and Applications

  • Theory construction and application in the areas of consumer choice and demand, production and cost, competitive markets, general equilibrium, and welfare economics.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.

ECON 302 / 3020 Macroeconomic Theory and Policy

  • Short run fluctuations and long run fundamentals for macroeconomic variables such as GDP and its components, the unemployment rate, the price level and inflation rate, interest rates and the yield curve, exchange rates and the trade balance, the government debt-to-GDP ratio, potential output, and real growth.  Case studies, data collection and analysis, and monitoring of economic indicators and Federal Open Market Committee policies are integrated.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 310 / 3108 Economics of Health and Health Care

  • Demand and supply of health care services and methods of financing health care expenditures. Topics include health care production, asymmetric information, demographic trends, medical insurance industry, government insurance programs, medical risk and liability, health care reform, and comparative health care systems. Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D, one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 311 / 3118 The Pacific Rim Economies

  • Economic developments in China, Japan, and the newly industrialized economies of East Asia. Trade in the Pacific Rim. Places economic development in its cultural/geographic context and critically examines economic institutions and policies. Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D. Recommended: one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 320 / 3200 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

  • An introduction to the basic principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with applications to a variety of problems using established data sources. The course includes fundamental principles of cartographic design and communication. Students are expected to become proficient users of GIS Software package. Lab sessions cover step-by-step GIS practice in the real world, including working with private or public domain data, importing data into GIS, creating a GIS database, performing spatial analysis with tools, building GIS models, and presenting results. Prerequisite: ECON 210 or MIS 200A or equivalent. Cross listed with MIS 320 / 3200

ECON 341 / 3410 Globalization and Development

  • This course uses a case study approach to the study of globalization and growth.  It uses an applied empirical approach to learning about macroeconomic management, economic development, international trade, and the cross border flows of goods and services and capital.  Economic activities such as trade, investments in equities and debt, tourism, development of intellectual property, and financial transactions, have become internationalized.  This is the current context in which businesses must operate.  Students learn how to conduct an assessment of international environments and political-economic strategies deployed in major world regions.  They perform a “country analysis”, which allows them to draw conclusions about market growth, labor costs, inflation and exchange rate stability, direct investment opportunities, etc.  Prerequisite:  ECON 202 / 2028 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 343 / 3430 Economics of Immigration Policy

  • The economic effects if various immigration policies, their impact on labor markets, as well as their relationship to national security are explored. The focus is on understanding and analyzing immigration policy, as well as their consequences on society and the economy.  This course will also consider immigration policy development. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 370 / 3500 Environmental Economics

  • Topics to include: static and dynamic efficiency and market failure; economic analysis of air, water, solid waste, and toxic policies; energy and the environment; benefit-cost policy analysis and case studies; tort and insurance issues; incentive-based regulations; monitoring and enforcement issues; risk assessment, management, and communication; global issues and agreements.  Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D; one economics course or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 371 / 3520  Economics of Agriculture and Natural Resources

  • Economic policy analysis of agriculture and natural resources with emphasis on California agriculture. Topics include the structure and organization of U.S.’s agriculture and food system, specifically the operation, financing, linkages, and functions of its components; the economic aspects of a wide range of environmental issues including air and water pollution, optimal forest and fisheries management; recycling; cost-benefit policy analysis case studies; and international issues. Cross listed with AGBS 371 / 3520. Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018.

ECON 372 / 3530 Agricultural Trade Policy

  • An introduction to practical considerations of agricultural trade and trade policy analysis.  Emphasis is placed on concepts of agricultural trade, analysis of trade policies of major trading partners and the export/import marketing of agricultural products.  Also the interdependencies between the world’s food, populations and equitability/poverty problems and possible solutions are explored.  Cross listed with AGBS 372 / 3530. Prerequisite:  ECON 201 /2018.

ECON 373 / 3540 Agricultural Finance

  • The objective of this course is to provide students with the tools necessary to evaluate and manage risk in the agricultural industry. This course provides an introduction to the economic theory, organization, and operating principles of agricultural commodity futures markets in the U.S.  Emphasis is placed on speculating, hedging, and investing in agricultural commodity futures contracts from the standpoint of the agribusiness entrepreneur. Capital theory is also visited.  Cross listed with AGBS 373 / 3540. Prerequisites:  ECON 201 / 2018, MATH 140; ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; or permission of instructor.

ECON 377 / 3540 Current Economic Issues

  • Study of a current economic and social issue such as education, health care, taxation, social security, poverty and income distribution, public debt, international trade, or national security.  May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028 or permission of instructor.

ECON 380 / 3008 Gender and Diversity in Workplace

  • Development of topics in labor economics from the perspectives of gender studies and diversity.  Considerations of both national trends and international comparisons.  Topics include household production and time allocation, labor force participation, human capital accumulation, regional mobility, and occupational choices, wage differentials, discrimination, and poverty.  Prerequisite: any introductory course in social and behavioral sciences or permission of instructor.  GRE

ECON 381 /  Race, Gender and Prosperity in America

  • Investigation of reasons for economic success and failures of minority members within our economy.  This course will start with the main economic tools necessary for policy analysis, move on to economic status, causes and cures, and finish with discrimination.  Social policies will be examined including but not restricted to equal employment opportunity and equality of income for Women, Hispanics, and African Americans.  Prerequisite:  any introductory course in social and behavioral sciences or permission of instructor.  GRE

ECON 388 / 3080 Economics Book Club for Juniors

  • This course nurtures lifelong learning by introducing students to the blogs and recent best sellers authored by leading economists for the general public. One book will be chosen to be read, analyzed and discussed. The course is taught in hybrid mode with a “book club” discussion toward the end of the course preceded during the quarter by several online assignments. Economics majors should enroll during their junior year. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

ECON 395 / 3550 Economic Geography

  • This course involves an examination of the spatial organization of economic activities.  Topics include population dynamics and migration, natural resources and location, transportation and communication networks, agriculture and rural land use, urban land use, city location and urban hierarchies, industrial location, world economic regions, and international trade and investment patterns.  Course also includes an introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS).  Cross-listed with GEOG 395 under “Interdisciplinary Courses.”.

ECON 404 / 4040 Law and Economics

  • Law and economics involves a historical survey of the application of economic principles to the law and the contemporary use of economic principles to analyze the structure and effects of property, contract and tort law. Students engage in legal research using Lexis/Nexis in order to analyze the economic content of specific cases. The implications of the economic analysis of law for important policy issues are explained. Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or permission of instructor.

ECON 410 / 4108 International Economic Development

  • Analysis of major economic impediments to Third World development.  Topics include: the structural changes accompanying development, theories of development, impediments to development, role of the international sector, and government policy.  Prerequisite: Areas A, B4, and D; one economics course, or permission of instructor.  GE T3

ECON 420 4200 Econometrics

  • A study of the essentials of econometric theory with computer-based applications.  This course will enable students to construct empirical models, collect data, apply appropriate estimation techniques, and interpret the estimation results for decision making.  “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite:  MATH 140.

ECON 430 / 4300 Money and Banking

  • A study of the banking system, the demand and supply of money, monetary policy, the quantity theory of money, the interest rate, the theory of portfolio choice, and international finance.  Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 440 / 4400 International Economics

  • Theory and policy analysis pertaining to world payments systems, open economy macro-economics, international trade, multinational enterprises and direct foreign investment, and the international migration of labor. Prerequisite: one economics course or permission of instructor.

ECON 441 / 4410 Financial Economics

  • This course develops the main arguments in financial theory from an explicitly economic perspective. Financial economics involves the examination of the roles of time, uncertainty and information in economic transactions. This course analyzes financial institutions from a perspective of information theory.  We consider the theories of decision-making under uncertainty and asymmetric information.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 (or equivalent) or permission of instructor.

ECON 451 / 4510 Managerial Economics

  • Application of empirical methods to managerial decisions.  Topics include estimation of demand, sales forecasts, business conditions analysis, estimation of production and cost functions, pricing and advertising, and capital budgeting.  Case studies and software applications.  Prerequisite: ECON 201 / 2018, ECON 220 / 2200 or equivalent; MATH 140; or permission of instructor.

ECON 453 / 4530 Engineering Economics

  • An overview of the economic methods used to evaluate projects and real assets.  Topics include financial math; investment criteria (present worth, annual equivalent worth, rate of return analysis); evaluating mutually exclusive alternatives; relative price movements and inflation; risk and uncertainty; cost minimization techniques such as equipment replacement analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis; after-tax analysis; project financing and capital constraints; and benefit-cost and cost-effectiveness methods. Prerequisite: Area B4 (MATH).

ECON 460 or FIN 460 / 4600 Financial Institutions Management

  • An introduction to the operation, structure, and regulatory environment of the U.S. financial system.  Special attention given to the theories of interest rate determination, financial risk management, and asset/liability management in depository and non-depository institutions.  The course also investigates e-Business and changes in commercial banking, non-bank financial institutions and financial markets.  Computer models and cases are used to show real-world applications.  Cross-listed in Economics and FinancePrerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000 or ECON 302 / 3020.

ECON 465  Industrial Organization

  • Theoretical and empirical aspects of oligopoly theory.  Price and non-price competition.  The structure, conduct, and performance of selected American industries.  Considerations of both antitrust policy and managerial perspectives.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 or permission of instructor.

ECON 470 / 4590 Economics of the Public Sector

  • Economic theories relating to market efficiency and failure, public expenditure, taxation, and political and bureaucratic behavior.  Examination of programs and policies in areas such as health care, technology, social insurance, welfare and income redistribution, child care and education, and transportation.  Examination of the tax system, fiscal federalism, and state and local government revenue and expenditure patterns.  Online information resources are used to locate and assess policy analyses and analyze expenditures and revenues for all levels of government.  Cross-listed in Economics and Public Policy & Administration.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or 202 / 2028.

ECON 475  Energy Economics and Policy

  • Role of energy in economic development; economic analysis of energy industries (fossil fuels, renewable, electricity and nuclear energy, and refineries and transportation). The geography and geopolitics of energy markets; policies relating to taxation and rate regulation, environmental quality and global warming, research and development, conservation, and national security. Prerequisite: ECON 201 or permission of instructor.

ECON 477 / 4770 Selected Topics in Economics

  • An in-depth study of an area of economics not included in current course offerings.  May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisites as announced.

ECON 480 / 4588 Human Resource Economics

  • A study of labor force participation, labor demand, education and training, wage differentials, regional and occupational mobility, labor unions, and discrimination, poverty, and income distribution.  Prerequisite:  ECON 201 / 2018 or permission of instructor.

ECON 488 / 4080 Economics Book Club for Seniors

  • This course nurtures lifelong learning by introducing students to the blogs and recent best sellers authored by leading economists for the general public. One book will be chosen to be read, analyzed and discussed. The course is taught in hybrid mode with a “book club” discussion toward the end of the course preceded during the quarter by several online assignments. Economics majors should enroll during their senior year. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only. 

ECON 490 / 4908 Senior Project

  • Student proposes and conducts an independent research project under the supervision of a faculty member and presents the findings. Equivalent to ECON 490A and ECON 490B. “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010, 302/ 3020, 420/ 4200 and senior standing.

ECON 490A/ 4908A Senior Project I

  • Student proposes an independent research project, completes a literature search, and prepares a bibliography. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010. Co-requisite or Prerequisite: ECON 302 / 3020 and 420 / 4200 and senior standing.

ECON 490B / 4908B Senior Project II

  • Student carries out an approved research project and presents the findings. “C-” or better required for the major. Prerequisite: ECON 301 / 3010, 302 / 3020, 420 / 4200, and 490A / 4908A and senior standing.

ECON 493  Regional Economics Workshop I

  • A study of Kern County as an economic region, introducing regional economic concepts and methods of regional analysis. Regional economic databases will be updated and analyzed for economic trends (e.g., demographics, gross metro product, personal income, basic industries, labor markets, taxable sales, tax revenues and government expenditures). Both ECON 493 and 494 must be completed to receive credit for an elective in the major. Prerequisite: ECON 202 / 2028.

ECON 494  Regional Economics Workshop II

  • A continuation of ECON 493. Application of economic base, input-output, and linear regression models to analyzing Kern County’s economy. Both ECON 493 and 494 must be completed to receive credit for an elective in the major. Prerequisites: Econ 202 / 2028 and 493.

ECON 495 / 4250 Urban and Regional Economics

  • A study of economic theories of urban and regional development.  Topics selected from:  economic base and industry composition analysis; location of economic activity; principles of urban economic development, housing, transportation, poverty and unemployment and municipal finance; Census and other socioeconomic data; analysis of economic forces which influence spatial patterns and the relationship between spatial patterns, public services, land use planning and land use control processes.  Prerequisite: ECON 201/ 2018 or 395 / 3550 or permission of instructor.

ECON 496 / 4860 Internship in Economics

  • Internships may be arranged by the department with various agencies, business, or industries.  The assignments and coordination of work projects with conferences and readings, as well as course credits, evaluation, and grading, and the responsibility of the faculty liaison (or course instructor) working with the field supervisor.  Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine credits and application of credit.

ECON 497 / 4870 Cooperative Education

  • The Cooperative Education program offers a sponsored learning experience in a work setting, integrated with a field analysis seminar. The field experience is contracted by the Cooperative Education office on an individual basis, subject to approval by the department. The field experience, including the seminar and reading assignments, is supervised by the cooperative education coordinator and the faculty liaison (or course instructor), working with the field supervisor. Students are expected to enroll in the course for at least two quarters. The determination of course credits, evaluation and grading are the responsibility of the departmental faculty. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine application of credit.

ECON 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Consent of department for the offering of independent studies.

Environmental Resource Management

ERM 300  Health and Safety Compliance

  • Compliance requirements and practices for regulations governing the protection of people in and around the workplace.  Topics selected from personnel monitoring and protection, hazard assessment, hazardous materials management, hazard communication, emergency planning and response, risk management, multimedia compliance audits, and the training function within organizations. Includes conceptual models of hazard analysis as well as exercises and simulations.

ERM 301 / 3010 Introduction to Occupational Safety and Health Management

  • This course introduces the student to the history and evolution of the safety profession.  Students gain an intuitive understanding of the basic components of accident prevention and hazard control.  This course also provides and introduction to worker’s compensation, safety and health legislation, ergonomics, hazard analytical tools, communication techniques in safety and health management, emergency preparedness, industrial hygiene and measuring safety program success.

ERM 302 / 3020 Advanced Occupational Safety and Health Management

  • This course is a continuation of the introductory course (ERM 301 / 3010). It further explores the topics discussed in ERM 301 / 3010.  Students work in groups on case studies applying previously gained knowledge. The course explores in detail the OSHA regulations and expects students to be familiar with regulations pertinent to various industries.

ERM 310 / 3100 Hazardous Materials Management

  • Provides an in-depth examination of federal, state and local regulations and requirements for hazardous materials and wastes. Includes definitions of toxic and hazardous material; storage and treatment; transportation; emergency response planning; air and water quality; community concern issues; and risk assessment.

ERM 320 / 3200 Industrial Hygiene Fundamentals

  • Provides an introduction to the science of protecting the workers’ health through the evaluation of the work environment. Presents the basic principles and techniques for anticipating and recognizing chemical, biological, and physical hazards associated with the workplace environment.

ERM 411 / 4110 Environmental Law

  • Compliance requirements and practices for statutes and regulations governing the protection of air, water, and land resources.  Topics will include environmental impact assessment, emergency planning and response, and hazardous waste management. Case studies involving environmental compliance issues will be reviewed and evaluated.

ERM 477 / 4770 Special Topics

  • An in-depth study of an area of land resource management not included in current course offerings. May be repeated for different course content.  Prerequisites as announced.

ERM 489 / 4890 Experiential Prior Learning

  • Evaluation and assessment of learning that has occurred as a result of prior off-campus experience relevant to the curriculum of the department.  Requires complementary academic study and/or documentation.  Available by petition only, on a credit, no-credit basis.  Not open to postgraduate students.  Interested students should contact the department office. Maximum 5 units within the program. Cannot replace required courses within the major.

ERM 490A / 4908A Senior Project I

  • Student proposes and gains approval of an independent research project that will synthesize knowledge in science and technology, law, policy analysis, and other curriculum areas. Significant progress is made on an annotated bibliography and literature review. Prerequisites: Senior standing in the program.

ERM 490B / 4908B Senior Project II

  • Student completes activities for use by faculty in assessing learning outcomes for the major. In order to demonstrate integrative skills in this interdisciplinary major, the candidate completes a project that synthesizes knowledge in science and technology, law, policy analysis, and other curriculum areas. The strengths and limitations of each paradigm are recognized and integrated into demonstration of the thesis. Prerequisites: ERM 490A and Senior standing.

ERM 496 / 4860 Internship in Environmental Resource Management

  • Internships may be arranged with various businesses or agencies.  Supervision of the internship is shared by the field supervisor and course instructor.  The focus of the internship must be to develop and/or apply competencies pertinent to careers in environmental policy and compliance.  Offered on a credit, no-credit basis.  The instructor will determine units of credit and their application.

ERM 497 / 4870 Cooperative Education

  • The Cooperative Education program offers a sponsored learning experience in a work setting, integrated with a field analysis seminar.  The field experience is contracted by the Cooperative Education office on an individual basis, subject to approval by the department.  The field experience, including the seminar and reading assignments, is supervised by the cooperative education coordinator and the faculty liaison (or course instructor), working with the field supervisor.  Students are expected to enroll in the course for at least two quarters.  The determination of course credits, evaluation and grading are the responsibility of the department faculty. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Department will determine application of credit.

ERM 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Consent of department required.

Finance

FIN 100 Managing Your Personal Finances

  • This course provides an examination of the financial situations students confront during their college years and thereafter.  The emphasis is on applying relatively simple concepts to managing one’s own financial resources.  Topics include:  budgeting, banking services, credit card use, consumer loans, insurance concepts, and savings plans.

FIN 300 / 3000 Financial Management

  • Financial management deals with the theory and practice of financing the business firm under uncertainty.  This course covers financial markets, risk valuation, financial analysis and forecasting, capital budgeting, working capital management, and capital structure.  This course also includes statistical and financial analysis of problem sets, as well as computer applications with an emphasis on spreadsheets.

FIN 322 / 3220 Introduction to Personal Financial Planning

  • This course introduces students to personal financial planning.  Topics in financial  planning include the financial planning process, client interaction, time value of money applications, personal financial statements, cash flow and debt management, asset acquisition, education planning, overview of investment planning and retirement planning, plan integration, ethics, and business aspects of financial planning. 

FIN 326 / 3260 Investment Management

  • This course involves the analysis of various types of securities, security markets, investment strategies, and methods of evaluating portfolio performance.  It also includes assessing the overall quality of portfolio management in the context of the financial plan.  Case analysis and student investment presentations are required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 340 / 3400 Principles of Insurance

  • This course covers the principles of life, casualty, and liability insurance.  It also covers individual and group insurance programs, as well as methods of establishing risks and rates of return.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 360 / 3600 Entrepreneurial and Small Business Finance

  • This course covers financial issues, problems and situations frequently encountered in small businesses.  The course will address analytical techniques appropriate for small business situations including working capital management, financing alternatives, financial distress, and valuing the business.  In addition, it will address issues of financial strategy for small business.  Students will develop problem solving skills by analyzing weekly case study assignments.  Assignments will include empirical articles dealing with current topics in small business finance.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 380 / 3800 Introduction to Real Estate

This course introduces students to real estate principles, practices, and investment decisions. It covers equity investment, finance, legal aspects, practices, principles, property development, real estate administration in the public sector, real estate market analysis, and valuation.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 400 / 4000 Advanced Financial Management

This course provides students with the opportunity both to recognize and to test the relevance of modern financial concepts in the context of real managerial decisions in the private sector, including ethical problems facing financial managers.  A case method utilizing statistical and financial analysis techniques and computer applications will be used to show real world applications.  Student presentations are required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 460 / 4600 Financial Institutions Management

This course gives students a broad introduction to the operation, structure and regulatory environment of the U.S. financial system.  Special attention will be given to the theories of interest rate determination, financial risk management, and asset/liability management in depository and non-depository institutions.  The course also investigates e-Business and changes in commercial banking, non-bank financial institutions and financial markets.  Computer models and cases are used to show real world applications.  Student presentations are required.  Cross listed with ECON 460 . Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000

FIN 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Finance

Special topics course in Finance provides students with the opportunity to take an in-depth study of an area not covered in regular courses.  When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000

FIN 490 / 4990 International Business Finance

This course investigates the problems facing financial managers in international operations.  Topics include:  foreign exchange, the international monetary system, managing exchange rate risk exposure, capital budgeting, international banking, and import/export financing.  Financial analysis using spreadsheets as well as student presentations may be required.  Prerequisite:  FIN 300 / 3000.

FIN 496 / 4860 Internship in Finance

This course provides an integrated academic experience in a work setting.  Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major.  Students may earn a maximum of 5 units through internships.  It is offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.  Prerequisite: FIN 300 / 3000 and one additional upper division Finance course or permission of the Department Chair.

FIN 499 / 4850 Individual Study

Management

MGMT 300 / 3000 Organizational Behavior

  • Students are provided with theoretical and conceptual frameworks drawn from the social sciences for understanding human behavior in business organizations. Emphasis is placed on the application of these theories and concepts to management and behavioral issues in organizations. Topics include individual differences, perception, motivation, learning, groups, communication, leadership, decision-making, diversity, total quality management, international OB, politics, and ethics.

MGMT 302 / 3020 Introduction to Operations Management

  • An introduction to the system for planning, operating, and controlling the processes that transform inputs into outputs of finished goods and services in both profit and nonprofit organizations. Topics include: operations strategy, operations technology, product and service design, project planning and scheduling, facility location planning, facility layout, materials management, Six Sigma, and quality management and control. Computer software is used to analyze operations management functions.  Recommend: BA 301 / 3010

MGMT 308 / 3080 Organization Theory and Design

  • A study of the theories and research that explain why business organizations operate the way they do. A social system perspective is presented that views the business organization’s external environment and structure as critical determinants of organizational effectiveness. Key department level and organizational level variables and models are studied with the goal of developing an understanding of the patterns and relationships among organizational dimensions such as strategy, structure, goals, size, technology, and external environment. Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 309 / 3090 Career and Managerial Skills

  • This course has three primary objectives:  increase understanding of relevant career options through completion of the comprehensive career assessment plan, increase understanding of managerial and employee survival skills and increase understanding of work/life balance issues through completion of a comprehensive work/life balance assessment balance.  Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 310 / 3100 Human Resource Management

  • This course provides an overview of the functional areas of Human Resource Management. The course begins by examining environmental factors such as legislation, organizational strategy, labor, and global issues. Next the HR process is examined-recruiting, training, compensation, benefits, performance appraisal, and termination. Throughout the course, students are provided with the opportunity to engage in HR practice and develop HR policy.  Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 340 / 3400 Entrepreneurship

  • This course fosters the acquisition of knowledge and skills needed to start a new venture. The student is required to assess his or her own entrepreneurial orientation and to formulate a realistic business plan for a new venture. Topic areas include self-assessment, identifying and evaluating new venture opportunities, obtaining capital, writing and presenting the business plan, and managing the emerging firm.                    

MGMT 345 / 3450 Small Business Management

  • This course is designed to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge and skills needed to manage an ongoing small business. The focus is on owner/manager decision-making. Topics covered include ownership, personal selling, advertising, sales promotion, financial analysis, record keeping, personnel management, and the like.

MGMT 405 / 4050 International Management (3)            

  • An examination of contemporary issues related to managerial training, political structure, foreign receptivity to United States business, cultural factors, organizing, and controlling the international firm.  Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 420 / 4200 Compensation and Benefits Administration

  • This course is designed to provide the student with a practical and theoretical understanding of compensation and benefits from the perspectives of managers (who make reward decisions), employees (who receive the rewards and are the “customers” of the reward system), and human resource practitioners (who assist in the design and maintenance of reward systems). Topics include pay strategies, job evaluation, salary surveys, pay structures, pay banding, merit pay, skill-based pay, team-based pay, gain sharing, profit sharing, legally required benefits, health insurance, and retirement plans.  Prerequisite: MGMT 310 / 3100           

MGMT 422 / 4220 Staffing, Selection, and Workforce Development

  • This course is designed to provide the student with a practical and theoretical understanding of workforce planning, specifically the staffing and selection process and workforce development. Topics include current legal issues, interviewing methods, assessment centers, integrity testing, personality testing, psychological tests, validation methods, planning, and cost evaluation, as well as workforce training and development needs. Prerequisite: MGMT 310 / 3100

MGMT 428 / 4280 Current Topics in Human Resource Management

  • This course is about leading edge topics in Human Resource Management. As the organization’s requirements change, so must the skill set of the HR professional supporting that organization. Topics may include top management roles, change management methodologies, strategic HR planning, international HRM, benchmarking HR processes, reengineering human resources, the role of training, and consultant roles. This course will rely on case studies and research to develop these skills. Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 430 / 4300 Negotiation, ADR, and Conflict Management

  • Comprehensive survey of current trends in the theory and practice of negotiation as a means of transacting business, including the resolution of conflict and reaching agreement. Principles of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) will be introduced as a tool for resolving disputes by non-litigious approaches, such as third party intervention, mediation, arbitration, etc. Topics include: integrative and distributive methods; internal team management and pre-negotiation analysis; tactics and strategies; context and dynamics; diversity impact of culture, gender, and personality types; implementation, monitoring, and follow-up; and multilateral negotiation. Prerequisite: MGMT 300 / 3000

MGMT 440 / 4400 Logistics Management

  • This is an introductory survey course of the history, current issues, and basic principles of logistics. It will examine the basic activities of logistics operations, the role of information technology, benefits of strategic partnerships, procurement, customer service, warehousing, transportation, and regulation. All will be discussed within the context of globalization. Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000, MGMT 302 / 3020

MGMT 445 / 4450 Purchasing and Supply Chain Management

  • This is a survey course of the current issues and basic principles of purchasing and its role in the era of global supply chains. It will examine the traditional role of purchasing and supply management in cost containment and revenue enhancement. As well, the more recent responsibilities of environmental, social, political, and security concerns that have arisen with the expansion of supply chains into developing countries will also be examined. PPrerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000, MGMT 302 / 3020              

MGMT 460 / 4600 Total Quality Management

  • This course uses an applied and theory based approach to introduce the core principles of TQM, the most common and current TQM practices/techniques and how they relate to familiar management concepts. The course covers the concepts of customer-supplier relations, teamwork, and empowerment, and how TQM relates to topics such as organizational design and change, groups, leadership, and motivation. Students will learn how these principles and methods have been put into effect in a variety of organizations. Topics include: a review of contributions by Deming, Juran, Crosby and other, statistical aids, process control, quality teamwork, designing organizations for quality, strategic planning and total quality implementation, and quality leadership.           

MGMT 477 / 4770 Selected Topics in Management

  • This course provides an opportunity to present an in-depth study of selected management subjects not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course. 

MGMT 499 / 4850 Individual Study          

  • Individual supervised projects or directed reading projects for students qualified to carry on independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and department chair. Up to 3 units may be used to satisfy elective degree requirements. Department determines application and number of units. Note: To count for graduate elective credit and maintain graduate course standards, 4000-level courses must be augmented with additional work.             

MGMT 496 / 4860 Internship in Management

  • This course is designed to provide an integrated academic experience in a work setting. Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major. Students may earn a maximum of 3 units through internships. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

Management Graduate Courses

MGMT 600 / 6000 Seminar in Organizational Theory and Design

  • This is a study of the theories and research that explain why business organizations operate the way they do. A social systems perspective is presented that views the business organization’s external environment and structure as critical determinants of organizational effectiveness. Key department-level and organizational level variables and models are studied with the goal of developing an understanding of the patterns and relationships among organizational dimensions such as strategy, goals, size, technology, and external environment. The case method is used extensively to develop skill in diagnosing and solving organizational design problems.

MGMT 60 / 6020 Seminar Operations Management

  • This course is an examination of principles related to effective utilization of factors of production in manufacturing and non-manufacturing systems. This course uses extensive readings and case studies to define and analyze problems of productivity improvement, production planning, inventory management, quality control, system design and implementation from the operating manager’s perspective. Issues in management of technology-based organizations, capacity planning, scheduling, facilities design, operations strategy in services, and supply chain management will also be explored.

MGMT 604 / 6040 Advanced Organizational Behavior            

  • This course provides a review and extension of the basic theoretical and conceptual framework necessary for making sense out of behavior in organizations. The emphasis is on applying theory and concept to management, particularly in business organizations. Topics include: individual differences, perception, learning, motivation, group dynamics, communication, leadership, conflict management, organizational structure, organizational culture, and change management. Application is made through case studies, analysis of video clips, and through group and classroom discussions.

MGMT 605 / 6050 Managerial Skills (3)             

  • This course focuses on developing and enhancing managerial skills that are of major importance for current and future career survival and success. Specific skill areas include: self-management, communication, decision making, motivation, delegation, team management, diversity management, negotiation, organizational politics, and change management. The course is primarily experiential in nature with skill assessments, exercises, role-plays, case studies, and group discussion activities being the primary learning tools. Relevant literature from the behavioral sciences will provide a knowledge base for skill development.

MGMT 610 / 6100 Seminar in Human Resource Management

  • This course is about the strategic management of human capital. A strategic analysis of the traditional human resource management functions-selection, compensation, recruiting, and training-will be completed. The influences of the legal environment are also considered. Other topics focus on the tools that are used to manage data necessary to manage human capital effectively. These include HR based change management methods, process mapping HR processes, and Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS).

MGMT 620 / 6200 Managing Small Business Enterprises

  • This course is designed to provide the student with a practical and theoretical understanding of compensation and benefits from the perspectives of managers (who make reward decisions), employees (who receive the rewards and are the “customers” of the reward system), and human resource practitioners (who assist in the design and maintenance of reward systems). Topics include pay strategies, job evaluation, salary surveys, pay structures, pay banding, merit pay, skill-based pay, team-based pay, gain sharing, profit sharing, legally required benefits, health insurance, and retirement plans.                             

MGMT 645 / 6450 Seminar in Small Business Management

  • This course is designed to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge and skills needed to manage an ongoing small business. The focus is on owner/manager decision-making. Topics covered include ownership, personal selling, advertising, sales promotion, financial analysis, record keeping, personnel management, and the like.

MGMT 650 / 6500 Seminar in Global Operations Management                            

  • As firms become more international, current influences, practices and standards for structural and infrastructural decision making across national boundaries. Moreover, the job becomes more complex and more challenging. The aim of this course is to introduce students to a framework for making strategic decisions in the operations management area of both manufacturing and service firms in global setting. Students also Explores complexity of managing geographically dispersed operations with relationships between multiple entities.

MGMT 655 / 6550 Seminar Statistical Analysis

  • In this course students will get exposure to and practice in the use of mathematical tools for aiding managerial decision-making in the corporate and public sectors. The course intends to introduce student to a number of quantitative models proven effective in solving classes of managerial problems. Students will use these tools to model various representative sample problems in class and in homework. Several quantitative techniques are reviewed, solved with Excel, and practiced with problems and short cases from the text. The tools to be surveyed include linear programming, network programming and analysis, integer programming, sensitivity analysis, inventory control models, stochastic processes, decision theory, queuing theory, simulation, decision support systems and project management techniques.

MGMT 6570 Advanced Readings in Management

  • The goals of this advanced reading course are to improve language skills, motivation, critical thinking, and behavior to succeed in graduate-level courses. To achieve these goals, specially selected reading will be discussed and reinforced. The course uses a variety of graduate-level materials, including academic and practical books and journals, magazines, and news articles. Students learn that reading is an active process of thinking for the purpose of communication. Therefore, concentration and participation in reading, writing, speaking, and listening activities is required. Critical thinking is fostered as students learn to interpret, relate, analyze, and evaluate what they read. Students work in various settings, individually and in small and large groups.

MGMT 677 / 6770 Selected Topics in Management

  • Special topic courses provide each department with the opportunity to present an in-depth study of a selected subject not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.

MGMT 699 / 6850 Individual Graduate Study in Management

  • Individual study is offered to give the student experience in planning and outlining a course of study on the student’s own initiative under departmental supervision. Independent study should deal with a special interest not covered in a regular course or with the exploration in greater depth of a subject presented in a regular course. Instructor consent is required. No more than 3 semester units may be used to satisfy degree requirements. (May not be substituted for any required graduate seminar).

MGMT 690 / 6900 Seminar in Strategic Management

  • The subject of this course is competitive behavior and the “strategy” of business firms. Competition is defined to be the effort to create and retain economic value within an environment of interdependence among competing firms. Strategic behavior is the effort of a firm as a coherent objective-seeking entity to create economic value within a competitive environment. An understanding of strategic behavior requires a close examination of 1) business objectives, 2) firm structural interdependence, and 3) value creation within the structure of competitive interdependence.  

Management Information Systems

MIS 200 / 2000 Software Productivity Tools

  • This course examines software productivity tools.  These tools will include word processing, spreadsheets, database, presentation software and the Internet.  Microsoft Windows will be taught in order to manage microcomputer resources.  In addition, students will be shown how to use and benefit from the information superhighway.  A comprehensive test, designed by the BPA faculty, will be given at the end of the course.

MIS 300 / 3000 Management Information Systems:  Concepts and Applications

  • This course will provide an overview of the computer-based information systems, their components, and the process of development and implementation.  The role of information systems will be taught from an interdisciplinary perspective.  A heavy emphasis will be given to information management, database design, collection and manipulation of data, sharing data among the functional areas and relational database concepts.  New developments in MIS and how they affect the functional areas of business that improve the competitiveness of a business organization will be explored and developed.  Issues such as decision support systems, geographic information systems and group support systems will be explored. Prerequisite: MIS 2000 or equivalent.

MIS 320 / 3200 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

  • An introduction to the basic principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with applications to a variety of problems using established data sources. The course includes fundamental principles of cartographic design and communication. Students are expected to become proficient users of ArcView GIS Software package. Lab sessions cover step-by-step GIS practice in the real world, including working with public domain data, importing data into GIS, creating a GIS database, performing spatial analysis with tools, building GIS models, and presenting results. Business and public sector applications. Prerequisite: MIS 200 / 2000, ECON 210 / 2100, or equivalent.  Cross-listed with ECON 320 / 3200.

MIS 330 / 3300 System Analysis and Design

  • The analysis and design of computer-based information systems.  The systems development life cycle will be emphasized.  Tools such as data flow diagrams, layout charts, decision tables and computer-aided software engineering will be utilized.  Students will analyze a real-life business problem and design a computer based solution.  Prerequisite:  MIS 300 / 3000 or equivalent.

MIS 340 / 3400 Fundamentals of Database Systems

  • This course introduces the fundamental concepts and applications of relational database systems, as well as basic knowledge of Geo-database systems. Students will gain an understanding of the relational model and SQL, as well as the entity-relationship diagram for database modeling. The concepts and tools of database design will be stressed. Students will be required to use various tools (i.e., CASE) for instruction and assignments. Prerequisite: MIS 200 / 2000, ECON 210 / 2100, or equivalent.

MIS 4100: Information Security and Privacy

  • This course introduces the fundamental concepts and theories of information security and privacy. It explores the organizational, legal, and global issues as they relate to privacy and security. The course investigates various security issues and measures for computers and network systems. Malware, spyware, viruses, and worms will be reviewed and biometric and non-biometric security measures will be explained. Also, the privacy on the Internet will be thoroughly examined and major privacy laws will be discussed. HIPPA and HITEC in health care industry will be reviewed. The course outlines a comprehensive security and privacy policy that organizations could use in order to minimize security and privacy risks. Prerequisite:  MIS 200 / 2000 or equivalent.

MIS 440 / 4400 Principles of Big Data Analytics

  • The key objectives of this course are two-fold: (1) to provide you with a theoretical and practical understanding of core business analytic concepts and techniques; and (2) to provide you with hands-on experience in applying these techniques to practical real-word business problems using commercial business analytic software tools. As an applied course, the emphasis will be less on the inner working of each method and more on when and how to use each technique and how to interpret the results. Prerequisite:  MIS 300 / 3000 or equivalent.

MIS 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Management Information Systems

  • This course provides an opportunity to present an in-depth study of selected management information systems subjects not covered in regular courses.  When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.

MIS 480 / 4860 Internship in MIS

  • This internship experience provides the student with an opportunity for exposure to practical experience in the managerial setting of an organization. The student is encouraged to use the opportunity to apply knowledge acquired in the classroom and work independently on a program plan or project. Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major.  Students may earn a maximum of 3 units through internships. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

Marketing

MKTG 300 / 3000 Marketing Principles

  • A study of the nature and role of marketing in advanced economies in a managerial context presented in a lecture, case, and applied format. Analysis of consumer wants, motivation and purchasing power, and introduction to and development of effective mixes among product, pricing, distribution, and promotional variables. Internet and e-commerce issues are also discussed.

MKTG 301 / 3010 Consumer Behavior

  • An analysis of the individual and aggregate market behavior of consumers and of the use of theoretical and empirical consumer information in developing marketing policy and strategy.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000        

MKTG 302 / 3020 Advertising and Public Relations

  • An integrated approach to planning and creating the firm’s total marketing communications program, primarily advertising, sales promotion, public relations, and Internet advertising. Surveys the entire field of promotion in its social and management context and develops the creative approach, strategy, and tactics necessary to realize the objectives of the marketing program. Emphasizes student participation through cases and projects; also the application of quantitative statistical and qualitative research techniques to formulate and evaluate communications plans.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000             

MKTG 304 / 3040 Professional Selling

  • Study of professional selling process as marketing activity. Topics include understanding buyer/consumer behavior, communication, relationship building. Students will be trained in tools for effective professional selling or other persuasive business interactions. Skills include finding leads, qualifying prospects, determining needs, developing and delivering sales presentations, overcoming objections, closing sales, and post-sales support. Role-playing is an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000       

MKTG 315 / 3150 Professional Self-Presentation

  • Graduating students, both business majors and non-business majors, need to be able to present themselves well in order to succeed, regardless of their career path. Reports from recruiters indicate that students often come ill prepared to job interviews. This course will help students learn to more effectively promote themselves by making good first impressions and by using proper etiquette, good conversational skills, proper grammar, and effective body language.

MKTG 400 / 4000 Marketing Research and Control

  • A study of the concepts underlying the collection and analysis of data for marketing decision-making and control. Surveys the application of scientific methodology as an aid to problem formulation, exploratory research, basic observational and sampling requirements, data analysis, interpretation, reporting, and control. Student application of research techniques and data treatment is emphasized.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000, BA 301 / 3010     

MKTG 405 / 4050 Sales Management

  • Recruitment, hiring, training and retention of salespersons. Providing analytical skills related to sales planning, analysis and control, sales forecasting, and estimating the profitability of the sales generated and potential sales.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000            

MKTG 406 / 4060 Marketing Channels

  • A study of the distribution function including retail management, supply chain management, inventory management, transportation, and e-marketing distribution strategies. Includes study of relationship building with channel partners, channel leadership and integrated channel strategies. Completion of MGMT 301 / 3010 (OR BA 301 / 3010) and MGMT 302 / 3020 and MKTG 300 / 3000 with a grade of D- or higher.   

MKTG 410 / 4100 e-Business: Marketing Strategy

  • Customer service and positive customer experience are critical in the E-Business marketplace. This course covers all the necessary technical details related to the Internet, and places these details within the context of marketing strategy, consumer behavior, advertising, and other marketing topics. Specific topics discussed include detail assessment of:  the relationship between brand management and marketing strategy; the rise of web casting; web site promotion; web site quality measurements; email list harvesting and targeting; banner ad exchange; search engine positioning; web survey methodology; web site traffic analysis; Usenet; and news group marketing.

MKTG 420 / 4200 Global Marketing

  • Analysis of the development of international marketing strategies and programs from the determination of objectives and methods of organization through execution of research, advertising, pricing, distribution, financing, and human resource management activities. Emphasis on the design of optimal strategies under varying physical, economic, political, social and cultural environments and specific marketing situations. Case analysis.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000              

MKTG 430 / 4300 Services Marketing

  • An intensive study of the concepts, practices, and development of strategies involved in marketing of services. The course will focus on the unique aspects of services marketing, such as demand management and quality control, and will cover a wide variety of services, including professional and business services. A case analysis approach will be used.  Prerequisite: MKTG 300 / 3000       

MKTG 477 / 4770 Special Topics in Marketing

  • This course provides an opportunity to present an in-depth study of selected marketing subjects not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.                             

MKTG 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Individual supervised projects or directed reading projects for students qualified to carry on independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and department chair. Up to 3 units may be used to satisfy elective degree requirements. Department determines application and number of units. Note: To count for graduate elective credit and maintain graduate course standards, 4000-level courses must be augmented with additional work.

MKTG 496 / 4860 Internship in Marketing 

  • This course is designed to provide an integrated academic experience in a work setting. Units may not be used to satisfy the requirements of the Business Administration major. Students may earn a maximum of 3 units through internships. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

MKTG 490 / 4900 Marketing Planning and Problem Solving

  • Focuses upon formal marketing planning and analysis of problems facing the marketing executive. Practical case studies utilized for the identification and analysis of marketing problems, selection and evaluation of alternative solutions and plans, and implementation of recommended strategies. The course integrates all aspects of marketing, business and quantitative theory into strategic policy-making, including Internet marketing and e-commerce.

Marketing Graduate Courses

MKTG 600 / 6000 Seminar Marketing Management

  • This course presents development of marketing strategy for the organization and design of integrated product service, promotion, and distribution programs utilizing systems analysis. It includes intensive analysis of management’s marketing problems, including market analyses, pricing, channels of distribution, promotion, competition, product strategies, and marketing research. Applications are emphasized to include research, quantitative, and business analytical techniques through the development of case and project assignments.                        

MKTG 601 / 6010 Seminar Consumer Behavior

  • This course involves intensive analysis of behavioral science concepts, theories, and current empirical research in buyer behavior. The research orientation of the course requires developing an understanding of statistical tests and research designs currently employed in buyer behavior. Equal emphasis is placed on developing creative marketing strategy and programs on the basis of such research.  Prerequisite: MKTG 6000 or by permission of instructor.

MKTG 602 / 6020 Seminar Advertising and Public Relations Strategy

  • This course regards the development of communications strategy necessary to fulfill the objectives of the marketing program through intensive analyses of situational and primary information, target market(s), creative objective(s), media selection and scheduling, sales promotion, public relations, budgeting and program evaluation. It includes qualitative, statistical, financial, and computer applications. The course integrates theory with case analyses and the development of a comprehensive marketing communications plan.  Prerequisite: MKTG 6000 or by permission of instructor.              

MKTG 604 / 6040 Seminar Services Marketing

  • This course is an investigation into and analysis of the complexities and unique aspects of marketing services contrasted to the marketing of tangibles. Special attention will be given to creating effective customer service, demand management, and quality control. The case study method will be utilized.

MKTG 606 / 6060 Seminar in Marketing Channels and Logistics

  • The purpose of this course is to instill an understanding of marketing channels systems and strategies for MBA students. An innovative “bottom-up” approach builds on familiar retail management concepts to comprehend marketing channels strategy. Students learn the market distribution functions, including the management of retail B2C demand chains and resource B2B supply chains. Using retail merchandising and operations techniques, knowledge is also acquired about distribution and logistical functions like inventory, transportation, service, communication, and financial flows. The management focus of the course addresses relationship strategies in both B2C and B2B channels, through concepts regarding strategic channel alliance and integration. Special attention is devoted to digital technology in modern marketing channels, including omni-channels, mobile commerce, and social-media networks.    

MKTG 610 / 6100 Seminar in Global Marketing

  • This is a study of current global marketing status in industrialized, newly industrialized (NICS) countries, emerging democracies, and the developing world in a dynamic environment of changing communication technologies. Discussion of research techniques one should use in selecting the countries, entry strategies, and developing the right marketing mix and strategies to meet the needs of the countries selected. Marketing management techniques to be used keeping in mind the degree of literacy, economic, legal, political, and socioeconomic environmental variables. Developing and implementing global marketing strategies during the 21st century in an environment in which the countries around the world are grouping into trading blocks, like the European Economic Community and NAFTA. Extensive use of library resources, case studies, and empirical research projects.

MKTG 677 / 6770 Selected Topics in Marketing

  • Special topic courses provide each department with the opportunity to present an in-depth study of a selected subject not covered in regular courses. When offered, prerequisites and course requirements will be announced for each course.    

MKTG 699 / 6850 Individual Graduate Study Marketing

  • Individual study is offered to give the student experience in planning and outlining a course of study on the student’s own initiative under departmental supervision. Independent study should deal with a special interest not covered in a regular course or with the exploration in greater depth of a subject presented in a regular course. Instructor consent is required. No more than 3 semester units may be used to satisfy degree requirements. (May not be substituted for any required graduate seminar).

Public Policy Administration

Lower Division

PPA 275 / 2008 American Government and Public Administration

  • This course analyzes the field of public administration. Topics analyzed include the role of government in American society, the historic development of the public service, management issues related to modern governmental enterprises, problems of personnel, public budgeting, and alternative strategies for securing administrative responsibility. The course focuses on readings and cases pertaining to local and state administration, although issues involving the federal level are discussed where appropriate. Satisfies the U.S. government portion of the American Institutions requirement, as well as Area D3 in the General Education Program.      

Upper Division

PPA 300 / 3000 Public Management and Leadership

  • Introduces basic principles of responsible leadership, effective management, organizational change in public, nonprofit and health care management settings. Includes social science issues in: authority, motivation, organization behavior and leadership styles.  GE T3

PPA 320 / 3200 Information and Data Management in Public Administration

  • This course explores how information technology and data management techniques are being used in public organizations to manage organizational processes, plan community action, and evaluate service. The problems and promise of IT are examined and the student learns basic skills in information and data management. Case studies and IT professionals are used to enhance learning. This course explores how information and communication technologies (ICTs) are impacting society broadly. We will specifically explore public policy implications of ICT trends, and examine how these trends impact the management of public organizations. The course will examine policy issues such as privacy and political participation, and management issues such as social media in emergency management.

PPA 325 / 3250 Introduction to Administrative Law and Bureaucracy

  • This course introduces the student to the concepts and processes of administrative law and governmental regulation. It reviews the evolution of administrative authority, rule-making, enforcement, adjudication, and judicial review.

PPA 340 / 3408 Policy Networks

  • This course offers an overview of the policy-making process and policy networks at the national, state, and local levels. This process can be divided (somewhat arbitrarily) into several stages: agenda setting, policy formulations, policy adoption, budgeting, policy implementation, and policy evaluation. The course covers the relevant literature on each stage of the process. The course will also examine several important policy areas including economic policy, energy and environmental policy, crime and criminal justice, welfare policy, health policy, education policy, legal and social equality, immigration policy, and life-style policy. Satisfies Theme III in the General Education Program. GE T3              

PPA 350 / 3500 Nonprofit Organizations in America

  • The nonprofit sector is an important feature in American society, a force in our economy, and a distinctive feature in the American democracy. This course introduces the student to the nature, scope, values and unique features of nonprofit and social service organizations. The concepts of philanthropy, charity, and welfare are explored and the student establishes a relationship with a local nonprofit. Contemporary legal and policy issues affecting the nonprofit sector are also explored.    

PPA 401 / 4010 Analytical Methods in Administration

  • This seminar provides an introduction to applied research and basic statistical techniques for decision-making in public administration and the management of health care and nonprofit agencies. The course covers experimental, quasi-experimental and non-experimental research designs; measurement; data gathering techniques and sources, including survey research; and the analysis, evaluation, and communication of research findings. The course involves identification of a research question, secondary research, selection of an appropriate quantitative or qualitative design, and preparation of a research proposal. The course will also cover statistical analysis through linear regression. Serves as the undergraduate PPA statistics requirement and MPA and MSHCA foundation course. Students should have familiarity with interval level statistics.   

PPA 415 / 4020 Research Methods in Administration               

  • The course examines quantitative and qualitative research design in public administration and health care management. Topics include selecting research topics, defining research questions, quantitative research design, qualitative research design, and measurement. Students must develop a research proposal as the key work product of the class. 

       

PPA 419 / 4190 Aging Services Administration

  • This course focuses on current administration processes and the organization of services to the aging. It also surveys related policies at the national, state and local levels. There is special emphasis on services present in Kern County.  The focus of this course is aging policy and aging services administration. These services occur in the context of the aging of the baby boom generation, the changing economic status of older Americans, increasing diversity, changing levels of political support for aging policies, and issue of generational equity. This course uses lecture and discussion to outline the issues defining the future of aging policy in the United States.   

PPA 425 / 4250 U.S. Health Care System: Then and Now

  • This course explores the development of the US health care system—social, cultural, economic, and political—to identify the values of this unique system of financing and delivering health care services. Comparisons are made between the past and present, the systems of other nations with that of the US, medical and social theories of different systems, and importantly the present and future of US health care. Students interested in careers in health and health care are encouraged to develop a frame of reference about health care that is provided through this introductory course. The course is delivered as either a hybrid or completely online course. This course is an in-depth exploration of the health care delivery system of the United States and the contemporary challenges to that system in delivering health care services. The purpose of the course is to foster a conceptual and contextual understanding of the system to prepare students for careers and the manager and administrator for active, reflective participation in the delivery of health care services. The social, political, and economic forces that have shaped both the traditional and alternative care systems will be examined from an historical perspective. The contemporary situation will be assessed and critically analyzed through discussion of local/state health care issues and focused examination of a current issue. The future will be approached through discussions of health policy, culture shifts, the challenges of a global society, and the dilemmas inherent in global complexity. Learning experiences include but are not limited to texts, articles, exercises, videos, movies, games, and scenarios.        

PPA 426 / 4260 Marketing and PR in Health and Human Services

  • This course focuses on aligning health and human services offerings with the demands of markets and the development of an organizational brand, in order to maximize customer / client value and organizational competitive advantage. Course components include: the nature of marketing and public relations differences in service and product analysis, market analysis, branding, planning promotional materials, and integrating these activities with a business plan. Plans are generated for an actual or potential client organization. Undergraduates will work in teams on projects function; differences in services and product markets and marketing; market analysis; fundamentals of individual and organizational buying behavior; elements of the tactical marketing mix; and marketing strategies.          

PPA 450 / 4500 Contract Management

  • This course examines principles, practices, and issues of contract management activities within government, nonprofit, and commercial/business organizations. A comprehensive evaluation of the process addresses the fundamentals of managing the entire contract life cycle of small to large transactions in a management systems approach. Participants develop practical competencies in using different planning, development, implementation, monitoring, and close-out templates and guidelines, as well as techniques relating to critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making. Federal Acquisition Regulations’ principles are integrated into the transaction process to address an extended range of contracting complexities associated with expanded expectations, such as delivery of advanced technology systems or logistical issues involving intricate delivery schedules.              

PPA 471 / 4610 Administration in the Justice System

  • This course provides an intensive analysis of the major components of the criminal justice system as well as the interrelationships between the system’s primary components. Management personnel, decision-making, and planning problems faced by administrators within the justice system will be explored through guest presentations, discussion, individual and group presentations.            

PPA 475 / 4620 Introduction to Emergency Management

  • This course will examine the issues surrounding emergency management since September 11, 2001. We will pay particular attention to the four phases of emergency management (mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery), the organization of emergency management, and the politics of emergency management.

PPA 465 / 4650 The Art and Science of Supervision

  • The purpose of this course is to develop or enhance skills for effective supervision at all levels in a variety of settings. Two primary areas of supervision will be addressed: work environments (organizational structures, culture, climates, norms and values) and leadership skills (motivation, communication and human relations). Supplemental areas of study will include the processes of change, issues in training and development, ethics in the decision making process, and forms of supervision including coaching and mentoring. The course will also explore the theoretical, philosophical, and historical foundations of supervision.            

PPA 476 / 4660 Public Human Resource Administration         

  • This course explores several of the major issues and ideas of public personnel administration: selection, promotion, pay, and discipline of public administrators; the merit system; civil service boards; collective bargaining in the public sector; and ethical problems of modern public administrators. Includes discussion of nonprofit agency personnel administration.

PPA 478 / 4680 Budgeting in Public Organizations

  • This course will provide students with basic concepts and practical experience of public budgeting in the United States. Budget issues at the federal, state, and local level and in other public organizations will be presented. Major topics will include budgetary process, revenue system, revenue and expenditure estimation, and capital budgeting. Other areas, such as fiscal federalism and the role of the budget in government decision making, will be covered as well. The role of the budget in the policy process will also be emphasized.               

PPA 479 / 4690 Urban Planning and Public Policy

  • This course introduces the student to the philosophy, theory, and practice of urban planning. In particular, the course material examines the development of cities and urban regions and the structure and functions of contemporary cities. Students will conduct a critical review of alternative theories, recent trends, and new directions in American planning concepts and institutions. In addition, the course will feature an analysis of the context, function, and legal aspects of land use controls, construction codes, mass transit, urban renewal, model cities, new towns, and related aspects of policy and programs implementation.       

PPA 477 / 4770 Selected Topics in Public Policy and Administration

  • In-depth studies of selected topic or topics not covered in regular courses are offered on a student demand basis. Topics vary each quarter; prerequisites announced for each topic. Conducted on seminar basis.

PPA 499 / 4850 Individual Study

  • Individual supervised projects or directed reading projects for students qualified to carry on independent work. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor and department chair. Up to 5 units may be used to satisfy elective degree requirements. Department determines application and number of units. Note: To count for graduate elective credit and maintain graduate course standards, students must register for PPA 6850.

PPA 496 / 4960 Internship in Public Administration

  • Students are assigned to various agencies and work under joint supervision of supervisors and the course instructor. Students participate in staff and internship conferences, assigned reading, project where appropriate. (Arrangements should be made one quarter in advance, as enrollments are limited.) Prerequisites: permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit. Department determines application and number of units. Offered on a credit, no-credit basis only.

PPA 490 / 4908 Senior Seminar in Public Administration

  • This capstone seminar for students in public administration examines: (1) the structure and environment of modern public bureaucracy; (2) the key administrative processes such as decision making leadership, communications, budgeting, and personnel; (3) the policymaking process; (4) political and economic bases of public policy and administration. Prerequisites: INST 275 (OR PPA 275), PPA 300, PPA 476 (OR MGMT 310), and PPA 478. PPA 490 is normally taken in the last quarter before graduation.

Public Policy and Administration Graduate courses

PPA 500 / 5000 Survey of Public Administration

  • This graduate seminar introduces and examines a variety of environmental forces, including social/sociological, micro/macroeconomics, political, constitutional/ legal, that shape public administration. It discusses and analyzes the essential theories, principles, structures and trends in those areas that affect American public policy and administration, and provides a foundation for further graduate study of public administration, and provides a foundation for further graduate study of public administration. May be taken as a senior elective with department approval.       

PPA 5020 Program Evaluation

  • (Application of skills acquired in PPA 4010). This course deals with the application of research methods to the evaluation of social service programs, particularly in health and human service agencies. This form of research provides knowledge of and about services, identifies the intended and unintended consequences of service interventions, and contributes information for policy decisions. Furthermore, program evaluation is an action based form of research and, therefore, this course is designed as an action based learning experience. Prerequisite: PPA 401 / 4010.              

PPA 505 / 5050 Manage Finance Delivery Health Care

  • As a result of political and social forces, the American health care delivery system has undergone fundamental change---the caregivers, care, institutions and relationships between and among system components are being transformed. Central to understanding this change process is the concept of “managed care.” This course explores the history, current impact and implications for the future of managed care from the management and patient perspectives. The experiences of students in their local communities will be used to explore the processes of contracting, the revenue streams, authorization systems, utilization and risk management, quality improvement and other issues pertinent to administration in a managed care environment. Managed care has also had a profound effect on health policy, especially in regard to the Medicare, Medicaid, and other governmental programs. Course participants will have the opportunity to explore and discuss the dilemmas specific to a managed care environment in general and Kern County in particular. In conclusion the focus shifts to the roots of “managed care”---the systems of other nations. This course explores the roots of the transformation and the various challenges presented by the stages and the models for the financing and delivery of care. The competition among stakeholders produces a constantly changing environment requiring operational adjustments. Course participants will have the opportunity to explore and discuss the dilemmas specific to a managed care environment in general and within Kern County in particular. Once the student has grasped the fundamental characteristics of our national health care system the course will focus on the future of “managed care”, the systems of other nations, and the experiences of citizens in various states. This course develops critical viewing to enhance analytic skills and introduces the case study method for learning.

PPA 510 / 5100 Economic Issues in Health and Health Care

  • Study of health issues using the economic perspective. Topics include lifestyle choices and health outcomes, technology and demand, health insurance, labor markets in the health professions, role of government in health care markets, role of nonprofits, international comparisons of health care systems, and reform proposals. This course is the study of health and health care issues from an economic perspective. Examined are the US national system and the health care systems of other nations. Highlighted will be the theories and analytic tools important to the manager and administrator in health care organizations. Special topics such as the role of governments in health care markets, the difference in organizations in the various economic sectors, the role of competition, and reform proposals will be introduced and explored. Cases involving actual organizations in specific health care sectors are used in the learning process. Cross-listed with ECON 3108.

PPA 5140 History and Context U.S. Health Care

  • Using case studies and class presentations, this graduate seminar introduces and examines the internal and external political, social, economic and legal forces that affect the organization of health service. It explores health care policy innovations, the application of management theory to current health services problems, and the future of health services. May be taken as a senior elective with department approval. This course is an in-depth exploration of the health care delivery system of the United States and the contemporary challenges to that system in delivering health care services. The purpose of the course is to foster a conceptual and contextual understanding of the system to prepare students for careers and the manager/administrator for active, reflective participation in the delivery of health care services. The social, political, and economic forces that have shaped both the traditional and alternative care systems will be examined from an historical perspective. The contemporary situation will be assessed and critically analyzed through discussion of local/state health care issues and focused examination of a current issue. The future will be approached through discussions of health policy, culture shifts, the challenges of a global society, and the dilemmas inherent in global complexity. Learning experiences include but are not limited to texts, articles, exercises, videos, movies, games, and scenarios.               

PPA 519 / 5190 Management in Non-Profit Organizations

  • This elective seminar will provide students with the managerial and supervisory techniques needed to administer, develop and market volunteer, nonprofit, and community- based organizations that provide health and human services at the local level.                  

PPA 520 / 5200 Fundamentals of Grant Writing

  • This elective seminar is designed to provide individuals with the practical skills to be a successful grant writer. Topics to be covered include: how to write successful grant proposals; gather information about potential sources (federal, state, local or foundations); evaluate your chances for success; and make agency contacts. Also, students will learn how to evaluate and develop alternative funding beyond grants, to include planned giving and fund-raising strategies.

PPA 524 / 5240 State, Local and Intergovernmental Management

  • This seminar emphasizes state, local, and intergovernmental administration in the context of: (a) the Federal intergovernmental system; (b) the Constitutional/legal system; (c) the political and social environments; and, (d) the nonprofit sector. America's complex system of multi-layered government faces new challenges as a result of rapidly changing economic, technological, and demographic trends. An aging population, economic globalization, and homeland security concerns are among the powerful factors testing the system's capacity and flexibility. Major policy challenges and responses are now overwhelmingly intergovernmental in nature, and as a result, the fortunes of all levels of government are more intertwined and interdependent than ever before.            

PPA 525 / 5250 Administrative Law

  • This elective seminar surveys administrative law and government regulation, the legal functions of administrative agencies, and the legal aspects of the process by which such agencies carry out their policies. It reviews the evolution of administrative authority and Title 5 of the U.S. Code, examining delegation doctrine, rulemaking, enforcement, adjudication, and judicial review. While this course focuses primarily on the federal system, it also includes an orientation on the California State Administrative law system. This course introduces the student to the concepts and processes of administrative law and governmental regulation. It reviews the evolution of administrative authority, rule-making, enforcement, adjudication, and judicial review.

PPA 526 / 5260 Marketing in Health and Human Service

  • This course focuses on aligning health and human services offerings with the demands of markets, in order to maximize customer / client value and organizational competitive advantage. Course components include:  the nature of marketing function; differences in services and product markets and marketing; market analysis; fundamentals of individual and organizational buying behavior; elements of the tactical marketing mix; and marketing strategies. This course focuses on aligning health and human service offerings with the demands of markets and the development of an organizational brand to maximize customer/client value and organizational competitive advantage. Course components include: the nature of marketing and public relations, differences in service and product analysis, market analysis, branding, planning promotional materials, and integrating these activities with a business plan. Plans are generated for an actual or potential client organization. Graduates will work as individuals on projects.        

PPA 530 / 5300 Administration in Multicultural Settings

  • This elective seminar surveys the theory and practice of effective management in multicultural contexts. The increased presence of ethnic minorities and women within the structures of service organizations combined with increased services to multicultural communities and clients have provided challenges and opportunities to management and supervisors to reassess traditional supervisorial practices. Students will explore those facets of organizational culture, which are in this process of change.                          

PPA 536 / 5360 CQI in Health and Human Services

  • Quality improvement activities are now essential to the financing and management of health and human service organizations. Third party payers, accrediting agencies, reviewers and regulators at all levels require health and human service organizations to set goals and measure outcomes and processes of care. Additionally, organizations may use quality standards to market services to service recipients that are increasingly aware of the risks and benefits involved in human service activities. This course introduces the student to major quality initiatives and the specific processes of work flow management, sta

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